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Thomas, William

Thomas, William (1799–1860). English architect. He practised in Leamington Spa, War-wicks., from 1831, and built many villas and houses there, including Lansdowne Crescent and Circus (1835–8). He also designed the Baptist Chapel, Warwick Street (1833–4), and the Victoria Terrace, Pump-Room, and Baths (1837), all in Leamington. He suffered bankruptcy after the Leamington Bank failed in 1837, and in 1843, the year his Designs for Monuments and Chimney Pieces was published, emigrated to Canada, where he built up a flourishing architectural practice, designing around 30 churches, many town-halls, gaols, and other public buildings, as well as numerous mansions and villas in all the principal towns of Ontario. Among his works were the Commercial Bank, Toronto (1844–5), St Paul's Anglican Cathedral, London, Ontario (1844–6), the District Court House, Town Hall, and Market, Niagara, Ontario (1846–8), St Michael's RC Cathedral, Toronto (1845–8), and the handsome Brock Monument, Queenston, Ontario (1853–6—a monumental Composite column on a high pedestal).

His sons, Cyrus Pole Thomas (1833–1911) and William Tutin Thomas (1829–92), were also architects. The latter designed the Gothic St George's Church, Dominion Square, Montréal (1870), and the sumptuous Italianate Mount Stephen Residence, Drummond Street, Montréal (1881–4).

Bibliography

Colvin (1995);
Kalman (1994);
McArthur et al. (1996);
MacR&A (1963, 1975)

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