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Herland, Hugh

Herland, Hugh (c.1330–c.1411). English carpenter, possibly the son of William Herland. He worked on the stalls for the Chapel at Windsor Castle, Berks., in 1350, and in the 1360s was employed at Westminster Palace and the Tower of London. He designed and made the tester over the tomb of Queen Philippa (consort of King Edward III, 1328–69) in Westminster Abbey. In 1375 he was put in charge of the King's Works ‘touching the art or mastery of carpentry’, and in 1378 was in command of building operations at Rochester Castle, Kent. Around this time he designed the tester over the tomb of King Edward III (reigned 1327–77), foreshadowing his design for the ceiling of Winchester College Chapel, Hants., ten years later. In the 1380s he was working at Rochester, Leeds, and Portchester Castles, and worked for William of Wykeham at New College, Oxford, c.1384. In the 1390s he was engaged on building work at Westminster Hall, where he designed and built the outstanding hammer-beam roof, one of the greatest achievements of medieval carpentry. Herland may also have designed the ceiling of the Fitzalan Chapel, Arundel, Sussex (c.1380–1400).

Bibliography

J. Harvey (1987)

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