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trial-and-error learning

trial-and-error learning Learning in which an animal comes to associate particular behaviours with the consequences they produce. This tends to reinforce the behaviour (i.e. the behaviour is likely to be repeated if the consequences are pleasant, but not if they are unpleasant). Such learning is believed to involve a process of classical conditioning followed by operant conditioning.

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"trial-and-error learning." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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trial-and-error learning

trial-and-error learning Learning in which an animal comes to associate particular behaviours with the consequences they produce. This tends to reinforce the behaviour (i.e. the behaviour is likely to be repeated if the consequences are pleasant, but not if they are unpleasant). Such learning is believed to involve a process of classical conditioning followed by operant conditioning.

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"trial-and-error learning." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"trial-and-error learning." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/trial-and-error-learning-0

"trial-and-error learning." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/trial-and-error-learning-0

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trial-and-error learning

trial-and-error learning See learning.

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"trial-and-error learning." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"trial-and-error learning." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/trial-and-error-learning-1

"trial-and-error learning." A Dictionary of Biology. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/trial-and-error-learning-1

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Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

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American Psychological Association

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Notes:
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