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oak-spangle gall

oak-spangle gall A generic name for the unisexual stage galls found on the leaves of Quercus robur and produced by four species of wasps of the genus Neuroterus. The eggs laid by mated females give rise to generally small (1 mm diameter), flat, red galls. Gall densities may be high but competition seems to be avoided by niche separation within a single leaf and host tree, some species preferring leaf margins or apices, others the peripheral foliage. The galls overwinter in the leaf litter, often having become detached from the leaves.

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oak-spangle gall

oak-spangle gall A generic name for the unisexual stage galls found on the leaves of Quercus robur and produced by 4 species of wasps of the genus Neuroterus. The eggs laid by mated females give rise to generally small (1 mm diameter), flat, red galls. Gall densities may be high but competition seems to be avoided by niche separation within a single leaf and host tree, some species preferring leaf margins or apices, others the peripheral foliage. The galls overwinter in the leaf litter, often having become detached from the leaves.

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Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

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"oak-spangle gall." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 May. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"oak-spangle gall." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/oak-spangle-gall-0

"oak-spangle gall." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved May 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/oak-spangle-gall-0

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Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

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American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
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