Biran, Michal 1965-
BIRAN, Michal 1965-
PERSONAL: Born 1965. Education: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, B.A., 1989, M.A., 1993, Ph.D., 1999.
CAREER: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel, instructor in history.
MEMBER: AAS, Mongolia Society, Middle East Mediavalists, American Society for Central Asian Studies.
Qaidu and the Rise of the Independent Mongol State in Central Asia, Curzon (Surrey, England), 1997.
SIDELIGHTS: Michal Biran is a scholar who specializes in the Mongol Empire, the largest empire in the history of the world, that stretched from China to Persia (modern Iran) under the leadership of Genghis Khan. In her 1997 book Qaidu and the Rise of the Independent Mongol State in Central Asia, Biran focuses on the short-lived Mongol state established in Central Asia by Qaidu, a grandson of the Great Khan's successor. Times Literary Supplement reviewer David Morgan noted that little has been written about this state because of the lack of primary sources and the relative scarcity of scholars proficient in Persian, Arabic, and Chinese; all of these languages are necessary to evaluate the secondary sources on this subject, comprised of contemporary documents written in neighboring, usually hostile, states. In writing about Qaidu's rise to power in central Mongolia, the relationship maintained between his state and neighboring states, the management of the state, and its collapse after his death in 1301, Biran "has done an excellent job," Morgan noted. "She has the necessary languages as well as a willingness to apply the equally essential critical judgment of her sources." The importance of Qaidu and the Rise of the Independent Mongol State in Central Asia is that it offers the most comprehensive portrait so far available of a state that became "the foundation of the remarkably enduring Chaghatai khanate of Central Asia," Morgan concluded.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Journal of the American Oriental Society, January-March, 2000, Gyorgy Kara, review of Qaidu and the Rise of the Independent Mongol State in Central Asia, p. 139.
Times Literary Supplement, January 22, 1999, p. 33.
"Biran, Michal 1965-." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/biran-michal-1965
"Biran, Michal 1965-." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved January 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/biran-michal-1965
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.