Skip to main content

Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine

Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine

Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine, celebrated

German soprano; b. Hamburg, Dec. 6, 1804; d. Coburg, Jan. 26, 1860. She received early training for the stage from her father, Friedrich Schröder (1744–1816), a baritone, and from her mother, Antoinette Sophie Bürger, a well-known actress; she herself played children’s parts and was an actress until her 17th year. After the death of her father, she followed her mother to Vienna, where she studied with Mozatti. She made her operatic debut at the Kärnthnertortheater in Vienna on Jan. 20, 1821, as Pamina, then sang Agathe in Der Freischütz under Weber’s direction (Vienna, March 7, 1822). When Fidelio was revived in Vienna in 1822, she sang Leonore in the presence of Beethoven (Nov. 3, 1822). In 1822 she sang in Dresden, and then was a member of its court opera from 1823 to 1847, where she received additional training from the chorus master, Aloys Mieksch. She also made guest appearances in Berlin (1828), Paris (1830–32), and London (1832–33; 1837); likewise won renown as a concert artist, continuing to make appearances in this capacity in Germany until 1856. She was one of the great singing actresses of her era, numbering among her many fine roles Donna Anna, Euryanthe, Norma, Rossini’s Desdemona, Amina, and Lady Macbeth. Wagner held her in high esteem and chose her to create the roles of Adriano Colonna in Rienzi (Dresden, Oct. 20, 1842), Senta in Der fliegende Holländer (Dresden, Jan. 2, 1843), and Venus in Tannhäuser (Dresden, Oct. 19, 1845). She was married 3 times: her first husband was the actor Karl Devrient, whom she divorced in 1828; her second husband, a Saxon officer named Von Döring, cheated her out of her earnings, and she likewise divorced him; her third husband was the Livonian baron Von Bock, whom she married in 1850. A purported autobiography, publ, anonymously in many eds. since about 1870 as Aus den Memoiren einer Sängerin or Mémoires d’une chanteuse allemande, is in fact a pornographic fantasy whose real author is unknown. A novel based on her life by Eva von Baudissin, Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient: Der Schicksalsweg einer grossen Künstlerin, was publ, in Berlin in 1937.

Bibliography

C. von Glümer, Erinnerungen an W. S.-D.(Leipzig, 1862); A. von Wolzogen, W. S.-D. (Leipzig, 1863); C. Hagemann, W. S.-D.(Berlin, 1904; second ed., 1947); J. Bab, Die D.s (Berlin, 1932).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/schroder-devrient-wilhelmine-0

"Schröder-Devrient, Wilhelmine." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/schroder-devrient-wilhelmine-0

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.