Skip to main content

Reif, Paul

Reif, Paul

Reif, Paul , Czech-American composer; b. Prague, March 23, 1910; d. N.Y., July 7, 1978. He played violin as a child, then studied composition in Vienna with Richard StÖhr and Franz Schmidt, and conducting with Franz Schalk and Bruno Walter; also had lessons with Richard Strauss. In 1941 he emigrated to the U.S., and in 1942 joined the U.S. Intelligence Corps; while with the U.S. Army in North Africa, he set to music the soldiers’ song Dirty Gertie from Bizerte, which was introduced by Josephine Baker in Algiers in April 1943. Upon his discharge in 1945, he was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Purple Heart. Returning to the U.S., he composed various serious and light scores.

Works

Triple City for Chorus and Brass Ensemble (N.Y., April 16, 1963); Requiem to War for Chorus and Percussion (N.Y., May 20, 1963); Birches for Voice and Orch., after Robert Frost (N.Y., Feb. 2, 1965); Letter from a Birmingham Jail for Chorus and Piano, after Martin Luther King Jr. (Washington, D.C., March 2, 1965); Fhilidor’s Defense for Chamber Orch., inspired by the famous Philidor chess opening: 1. P-K4, P-K4; 2. N-KB3, P-Q3 (N.Y., April 10, 1965); 2 operas: Mad Hamlet (1965) and Portrait in Brownstone (N.Y., May 15, 1966); Pentagram for Piano (1969); The Artist (N.Y., April 17, 1972); The Curse of Mauvais-Air (N.Y., May 9, 1974); 5 Divertimenti for 4 Strings (1969); Episodes for String Orch. (1972); Quintet for Clarinet, Viola, Piano, Percussion, and Folksinger (1974); Duo for 3 for Clarinet, Cello, and Mezzo-soprano (1974); America 1776–1876–1976 for Orch., Solo Guitar, Banjo, Electric Guitar, and Vocal Quartet (N.Y., Jan. 24, 1976).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Reif, Paul." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Reif, Paul." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reif-paul

"Reif, Paul." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/reif-paul

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.