The inflection of the upper or lower note of the turn (in either form) is shown by the placing of a sharp, flat, natural, etc., sign above or below.
When the gruppetto occurs after the note the taste of the performer governs the division of the time available. The general principle seems to be that the gruppetto is to be perf. fairly rapidly. To bring this about, the first example just given (if occurring in a slow tempo) might be treated thus:
whilst in a very quick tempo it might be treated as follows (indeed there might be no time to treat it in any other way):
The number of different examples given in different textbooks is very large, and no two textbooks quite agree, but the above statement gives the chief general principles accepted by all. They also apply, of course, to the inverted turn, which begins with the lower auxiliary note, instead of the upper one.
"gruppetto." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gruppetto
"gruppetto." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved May 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gruppetto
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