Gallus (Petelin), Jacobus
Gallus (Petelin), Jacobus
Gallus (Petelin), Jacobus, important Slovenian composer; b. Carniola (probably in Ribnica), between April 15 and July 31, 1550; d. Prague, July 24, 1591. His Slovenian name was Petelin (which means “cockerel”); its Germanic equivalent was Handl, or Hahnel (diminutive of Hahn, “rooster”); he publ. most of his works under the corresponding Latin name Gallus (“rooster”). As a master of poly choral counterpoint, Gallus was highly regarded in his time. He held several important positions as an organist and music director. He was Kapellmeister to the Bishop of Olmutz (1579–85), and later was employed at the church of St. Johannes in Vado in Prague. A number of his works were publ. during his lifetime. Of these there are several masses: Selectiores quaedam Missae (Prague, 1580), containing 4 books of 16 masses, from 4 to 8 Voices; a modern ed. by P. Pisk was publ. in Denkmaler der Tonkunst in Osterreich (Vienna, 1935; reprinted in 1959, 1967, and 1969); 4 books of motets were publ. in Prague between 1586 and 1591 under the title Opus musicum: 1st part (1586) from 4 to 8 Voices (exact title, Tomus primus musici operas harmonium quatuor, quinque, sex, octo et pluribus vocum)-, 2nd and 3rd were publ. in 1587, and 4th in 1591; 5 additional motets were printed individually from 1579 to 1614. Opus musicum was reprinted in a modern ed. by E. Bezecny and J. Mantuani in Denkmaler der Tonkunst in Osterreich (Vienna, 1899, 1905, 1908, 1913, 1917, 1919; all reprinted again in 1959); Moralia 5, 6 et 8 vocibus concinnata, orig. publ. in 1596, was reprinted in a modern ed. by D. Cvetko (Ljubljana, 1968) and A. Skei (Madison, Wise., 1970). His secular works include Harmoniae morales (Prague, 1589–90; modern ed. by D. Cvetko, Ljubljana, 1966) and Moralia (Prague, 1596). A motet by Gallus, Ecce quomodo moritur Justus, was borrowed by Handel for his Funeral Anthem.
D. Cvetko, /. G., Sein Leben und Werk (Munich, 1972).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Gallus (Petelin), Jacobus." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gallus-petelin-jacobus
"Gallus (Petelin), Jacobus." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gallus-petelin-jacobus
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.