Gál, Hans, Austrian musicologist and composer; b. Brunn, near Vienna, Aug. 5, 1890; d. Edinburgh, Oct. 3, 1987. He studied with Mandyczewski and Adler at at the Univ. of Vienna, where he lectured (1919–29), and then was director of the Mainz Cons. (1929–33). He returned to Vienna in 1933. After the Anschluss, he was compelled to leave Vienna in 1938, and settled in Edinburgh, where he lectured on music at the Univ. (1945–65) while continuing to compose.
Anleitung zum Partiturlesen (Vienna, 1923; Eng. tr., 1924, as Directions for Score-Reading); The Golden Age of Vienna (London, 1948); Johannes Brahms (Frankfurt am Main, 1961; Eng. tr., 1964); Richard Wagner (Frankfurt am Main, 1963); The Musician’s World: Great Composers in Their Letters (London, 1965; Ger. tr., 1966); Franz Schubert, oder Die Melodie (Frankfurt am Main, 1970; Eng. tr., 1974); Giuseppe Verdi und die Oper (Frankfurt am Main, 1982).
DRAMATIC Opera : Der Arzt der Sobeide (Breslau, 1919); Die heilige Ente (Diisseldorf, April 29, 1923); Das Lied der Nacht (Breslau, April 24, 1926); Der Zauberspiegel (Breslau, 1930; also as an orch. suite); Die beiden Klaas (1933). ORCH.: 4 syms. (1928, 1949, 1952, 1975); Violin Concerto (1931); A Pickwickian Overture (1939); Cello Concerto (1944); Piano Concerto (1947); Concertino for Organ and Strings (1948); Concertino for Cello and Strings (1965); Idyllikon for Small Orch. (1969); Triptych (1970). CHAMBER: Piano Quartet (1915); 4 string quartets (1916, 1929, 1969, 1971); Violin Sonata (1921); String Trio (1931); Piano Trio (1948). VOCAL: Numerous sacred and secular choral works.
W. Waldstein, H. G. (Vienna, 1965); H. G. zum 100. Geburtstag (Mainz, 1990).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Gál, Hans." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gal-hans-0
"Gál, Hans." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gal-hans-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.