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Fidelio, oder Der Triumph der ehelichen Liebe

Fidelio, oder Der Triumph der ehelichen Liebe (Fidelio, or The Triumph of Married Love). Opera in 2 acts by Beethoven, Op.72, to lib. by Josef von Sonnleithner based on Bouilly's Léonore, ou L'Amour conjugal. F.p. in orig. 3-act version, Vienna 1805. Reduced to 2 acts by Stefan von Breuning 1806, prod. Vienna 1806. Further rev., and lib. rev. by G. F. Treitschke, 1814, prod. Vienna 1814, London 1832, NY 1839. Orig. 1805 version, under title Leonore, reconstructed in edn. by E. Prieger, 1905. Of the 4 ovs., Fidelio (comp. for 1814 revival but not ready for f.p.) is now used in the th. Leonora No.2 is thought to have been comp. 1804–5, No.3 in 1806, and No.1 in 1807 for a projected Prague perf. No.3 is sometimes perf. as an entr'acte before final scene. Bouilly's lib. was also the basis of Gaveaux's Léonore (Paris 1798), Paër's Leonora (Dresden 1804), and Mayr's L'Amor coniugale (Padua 1805).

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