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snuff

snuff1 / snəf/ • v. [tr.] extinguish (a candle): a breeze snuffed out the candle. ∎ inf. put an end to (something) in a brutal manner: his life was snuffed out by a sniper's bullet. ∎ inf. kill: I lost track of the number of people he snuffed who were wearing bulletproof fabric. ∎  (snuff it) Brit., inf. die. ∎ dated trim the charred wick from (a candle). • n. the charred part of a candle wick. snuff2 • n. powdered tobacco that is sniffed up the nostril rather than smoked: a pinch of snuff. • v. [tr.] inhale or sniff at (something): they stood snuffing up the keen cold air. ∎  [intr.] archaic sniff up powdered tobacco. PHRASES: up to snuff inf. 1. meeting the required standard: they need a million dollars to get their facilities up to snuff. ∎  in good health: he hadn't felt up to snuff all summer. 2. Brit., archaic not easily deceived; knowing: an up-to-snuff old vagabond.

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snuff

snuff, preparation of pulverized tobacco used by sniffing it into the nostrils, chewing it, or placing it between the gums and the cheek. The blended tobacco from which it is made is often aged for two or three years, fermented at least twice, ground, and usually flavored and scented. In pre-Columbian times, snuff was used in the West Indies, in Mexico, and in parts of South America. Adoption of the practice in Europe was encouraged by belief in its medicinal virtue. From Europe the custom was carried to the Middle East and Asia. The highest status of snuff taking was attained in the 18th cent., when it was practiced by both men and women. The richly ornamented snuffboxes of the time are now esteemed by collectors. A ritual of taking snuff developed, with prescribed ways of tapping and opening the box and offering it to others. Later the practice of dipping snuff into the mouth with a stick or brush, or of inserting it between the cheek and gums, largely replaced sniffing it into the nostrils.

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snuff

snuff2 powdered tobacco for inhaling through the nostrils. XVII. — Du. snuf, prob. short for snuftabak, f. MDu. snuffen snuffle, whence Eng. snuff (XVI) inhale through the nostrils.

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snuff

snuff1 portion of candle-wick partly consumed. XIV. of unkn. orig.
Hence snuff vb. remove the snuff from XV; extinguish XVII (sl. intr. with out, die XIX).

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snuff

snuffbluff, buff, chough, chuff, cuff, duff, enough, fluff, gruff, guff, huff, luff, muff, puff, rough, ruff, scruff, scuff, slough, snuff, stuff, Tough, tuff •handcuff • earmuff • powder puff •dandruff • woodruff • feedstuff •greenstuff • foodstuff

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