Dáil Éireann (dôl ā´rôn, dīl âr´ən) [Irish,=diet of Ireland], the popular representative body of the Oireachtas, or National Parliament, of the Republic of Ireland. The second, smaller chamber, the Saenad Éireann, or Senate, has very limited powers, and the executive, as represented by the prime minister, is responsible to the Dáil, whose members are elected by universal adult suffrage. The members of the first Dáil were elected in Dec., 1918, ostensibly to the British Parliament, but they established themselves as a separate revolutionary body. It first convened at Mansion House, Dublin, in Jan., 1919, and proclaimed the Irish republic. The Dáil existed precariously until the creation of the Irish Free State in 1921, and established itself firmly in the period of civil war that followed. See also Ireland; Sinn Féin.
See study by J. L. McCracken (1958); B. Chubb, The Government and Politics of Ireland (2d ed. 1982).
, baron, barren, Darren, Karen, Sharon, yarran
•plastron • Saharan • Sumatran
•rhododendron • chevron
, Charon, Dáil Eireann
, dodecahedron, octahedron, polyhedron, tetrahedron
•children • citron • grandchildren
•stepchildren • godchildren
, Chiron, environ, Myron, siren
•squadron • Cochran
, Doran, Lauren, loran
, Madeiran, schlieren
, Van Buren
•Aldebaran • Auberon • Acheron
•lepidopteran • Lutheran
is the Lower House of the Parliament of Eire, the upper house being the Senate. Its first meeting in the Mansion House at Dublin
was in January 1919 after Sinn Fein
had won 73 seats at the general election, boycotted the Westminster Parliament, and proclaimed themselves the Parliament of the Irish Republic. There are 166 members elected by proportional representation on a five-year basis. The prime minister
is the Taoiseach.
J. A. Cannon
Lower House of the two-chamber Parliament of the Republic of Ireland
(the Upper House is the Seanad Éireann
). It has 166 members elected for five-year terms by a system of proportional representation.