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negative

neg·a·tive / ˈnegətiv/ • adj. 1. consisting in or characterized by the absence rather than the presence of distinguishing features. ∎  (of a statement or decision) expressing or implying denial, disagreement, or refusal: that, I take it, was a negative answer. ∎  (of the results of a test or experiment) indicating that a certain substance is not present or a certain condition does not exist: so far all the patients have tested negative for TB. ∎  [in comb.] (of a person or their blood) not having a specified substance or condition: HIV-negative. ∎  (of a person, attitude, or situation) not optimistic; harmful or unwelcome: the new tax was having a very negative effect on car sales | not all the news is negative. ∎ inf. denoting a complete lack of something: they were described as having negative vulnerability to water entry. ∎  Gram. & Logic (of a word, clause, or proposition) expressing denial, negation, or refutation; stating or asserting that something is not the case. Contrasted with affirmative and interrogative. 2. (of a quantity) less than zero; to be subtracted from others or from zero. ∎  denoting a direction of decrease or reversal: the industry suffered negative growth in 1992. 3. of, containing, producing, or denoting the kind of electric charge carried by electrons. 4. (of a photographic image) showing light and shade or colors reversed from those of the original. 5. Astrol. relating to or denoting any of the earth or water signs, considered passive in nature. • n. 1. a word or statement that expresses denial, disagreement, or refusal: she replied in the negative. ∎  (often the negative) a bad, unwelcome, or unpleasant quality, characteristic, or aspect of a situation or person: confidence will not be instilled by harping solely on the negative | the bus trip and the positive media have not had time to turn his significant negatives around. ∎  Gram. a word, affix, or phrase expressing negation. ∎  Logic another term for negation. 2. a photographic image made on film or specially prepared glass that shows the light and shade or color values reversed from the original, and from which positive prints can be made. 3. a result of a test or experiment indicating that a certain substance is not present or a certain condition does not exist: the percentage of false negatives generated by a cancer test was of great concern. 4. the part of an electric circuit that is at a lower electrical potential than another part designated as having zero electrical potential. 5. a number less than zero. • interj. no (usually used in a military context): “Any snags, Captain?” “Negative, she's running like clockwork.” • v. [tr.] 1. reject; refuse to accept; veto: the bill was negatived by 130 votes to 129. ∎  disprove; contradict: the insurer's main arguments were negatived by Lawrence. 2. render ineffective; neutralize: should criminal law allow consent to negative what would otherwise be a crime? DERIVATIVES: neg·a·tive·ly adv. neg·a·tive·ness n. neg·a·tiv·i·ty / ˌnegəˈtivitē/ n.

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negative

negative: see photographic processing.

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"negative." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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