SCEPTER (Heb. meḥoqeq, maṭṭeḥ, sheveṭ, sharviṭ), a staff symbolic of royal authority, originally conceived as power to strike down enemies (Ezek. 19:14; Ps. 110:2). Thus the Bible calls a king "scepter" (Gen. 49:10) or "scepter-bearer" (Amos 1:5, 8), while God, as king of kings, wields a scepter (Isa. 30:31). The Persian Ahasuerus extends a golden scepter to a persona grata (Esth. 4:11). Two main types of scepters are pictured in Near Eastern sculptures and reliefs:
(a) a long staff with an ornamental head (mainly in Egypt and Iran), and
(b) a short-handled battle mace (mainly in Assyria). The latter symbolizes royal military power (cf. Num. 24:17).
[Mayer Irwin Gruber]
"Scepter." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/scepter
"Scepter." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/scepter
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