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Reconstructionism. A modern movement within Judaism. Reconstructionism was inspired by Mordecai Kaplan who argued that Judaism was an evolving religious civilization. The movement became formal with the founding of the Society for the Advancement of Judaism in 1922, in New York. In 1945 the Reconstructionist Sabbath Prayer Book appeared. It included neither the idea of Chosenness of the Jewish people, nor that of God's revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai, nor that of a personal messiah. In 1968, a rabbinical college was established in Philadelphia. See also CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM.

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