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tendril

tendril, slender, sensitive structure of many climbing plants that by a response to contact (see auxin) supports the plant. Tendrils are modified stems, leaves, or leaf parts or roots. Most young tendrils revolve slowly in their natural growth, as do the growing tips of roots and shoots; the tendrils of different plant varieties may have a consistent tendency to clockwise or to counterclockwise spiraling. The most common kind of tendril (pea, grape) coils around a slender support and then contracts spirally, becoming springy and drawing the plant to the support. The disk-tipped tendril (Virginia creeper, Boston ivy) adheres firmly to brick, stone, or wood, after which it too contracts. For other means of climbing in plants, see climbing plant.

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tendril

tendril. Very common architectural ornament resembling plant-like tendrils. In Classical architecture it is associated with acanthus, anthemion, and palmette, and occurs in Celtic and Anglo-Saxon ornament, medieval grapevine or trail, Renaissance and Mannerist arabesque and grotesque, Art Nouveau whiplash and derivations from Celtic and Norse ornament, and many other styles in various guises and variations.

Bibliography

Greenhalgh (ed.) (2000);
Tschudi-Madsen (1967)

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tendril

tendril A slender branched or unbranched structure found in many climbing plants. It may be a modified stem, leaf, leaflet, or petiole. Tendrils respond to contact with solid objects by twining around them (see thigmotropism). The cells that touch the object lose water and decrease in volume in comparison to the outer cells, thus causing the tendril to curve.

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tendril

ten·dril / ˈtendrəl/ • n. a slender threadlike appendage of a climbing plant, often growing in a spiral form, that stretches out and twines around any suitable support. ∎  something resembling a plant tendril, esp. a slender curl or ringlet of hair.

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tendril

tendril slender thread-like appendage of a plant. XVI. prob. alt., after F. dim. †tendrillon, of †tendron young shoot, (pl.) cartilages of the ribs (XIV) — (O)F. tendron tender part or shoot, cartilage :- Rom. *tenerūmen shoots, f. L. tener TENDER1.

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tendril

tendril Part of a stem, leaf, or petiole that is modified as a delicate, commonly twisted, thread-like appendage. It is an aid to climbing, as in Cucurbitaceae.

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tendril

tendril Coiling part of stem or leaf, a slender, thread-like structure used by climbing plants for support.

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tendril

tendril •anthill • Edgehill • sidehill • molehill •foothill • dunghill •sigil, strigil, vigil •strongyle • Virgil • Gaitskell • orchil •roadkill • Danakil • overkill •amyl, Tamil •treadmill • windmill • gristmill •sawmill • watermill • vinyl • mini-pill •overspill • Caryl •mandrel, mandrill •Avril •beryl, Cheryl, chrysoberyl, imperil, Merrill, peril, Sheryl •tendril • April • Cyril • fibril • nombril •nostril • Bovril • tumbril • escadrille •espadrille • gracile • Cecil • utensil •codicil • windowsill •dactyl, pterodactyl •pastille • standstill •dentil, lentil, ventil •quintile • pistil • postil • tormentil •ethyl

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