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Bonanus

Bonanus or Bonanno of Pisa (fl. 1179–86). Italian architect, designer, and sculptor. He made three pairs of bronze doors: for the Porta Regia of the west front (1180—destroyed), the Porta di San Ranieri (c.1180) of the south transept at Pisa Cathedral, and for the west portal of Monreale Cathedral, Sicily (the last signed and dated 1186). He may have designed the campanile (or ‘leaning tower’) of Pisa (1174–1271). His part in the creation of the Duomo and Baptistery at Pisa is uncertain, and the subject of much debate.

Bibliography

Dizionario biografico degli italiani (1969)

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Monreale

Monreale (mōnrāä´lā), town (1991 pop. 26,256), NW Sicily, Italy, near Palermo. An agricultural market and tourist center, it commands a magnificent view of the fertile Conca d'Oro plain. A famous cathedral, one of the masterpieces of Norman-Sicilian architecture, was begun there (1174) by William II of Sicily. The cathedral has fine copper doors by Bonanno Pisano; its interior is decorated with exceptional Byzantine mosaics. Nearby is a lovely cloister with about 200 twin columns and an Arab fountain formerly used as a lavabo.

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