Vesuvius (Vesuvio) Active volcano on the Bay of Naples, s Italy. The earliest recorded eruption was in ad 79, when Pompeii and Herculaneum were destroyed. The height of the volcano has changed with each of the 30 or so eruptions recorded since Roman times.
Vesuvius an active volcano near Naples, in southern Italy, 1,277 m (4,190 ft) high. A violent eruption in ad 79 buried the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
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