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Maastricht City on the River Maas (Meuse), se Netherlands; capital of Limburg province. The city's strategic location, close to the Belgian and German borders, meant frequent occupation by foreign armies. In 1992, the Maastricht Treaty was signed here. The city is the commercial, industrial, and transport centre for a wide region. Industries: dairy products, paper, leather goods, glass. Pop. (2001) 122,235.