Murray

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

Murray, principal and second-longest river of Australia, 1,609 mi (2,589 km) long, rising in the Australian Alps, SE New South Wales, and flowing westward to form the New South Wales–Victoria boundary. It then flows southwest across South Australia state through Lake Alexandrina, a lagoon, into the Indian Ocean. It receives its main tributary, the Darling River, Australia's longest river, at Wentworth. The Murray-Darling watercourse is 2,911 mi (4,685 km) long but is of little use for navigation except in the lower reaches. Used primarily for irrigation, the Murray has numerous hydroelectric plants and reservoirs, including Hume Reservoir. The Murray and the Murrumbidgee, a tributary and Australia's third-longest river, receive most of the diverted water from the Snowy Mts. Hydroelectric Scheme. The combined Murray-Darling basin supports more than 40% of Australia's agriculture, including more than 90% of domestic fresh food production.

views updated

Murray Longest river in Australia. It flows 2590km (1610mi) from the Australian Alps in se New South Wales through Lake Alexandrina, and empties into the Indian Ocean at Encounter Bay, se of Adelaide. It forms a large part of the border between New South Wales and Victoria. Its main tributary is the Darling. The Murray valley contains almost all the irrigated land in Australia.

views updated

Murray:1 City (1990 pop. 14,439), seat of Calloway co., SW Ky., near the Tenn. line; inc. 1844. There is light manufacturing. Tobacco and grain are grown, livestock and poultry are raised, and there is dairying. Murray is in a popular tourist and retirement area, near state parks and a recreational area operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority. Murray State Univ. is there.

2 City (1990 pop. 31,282), Salt Lake co., N central Utah; inc. 1903. It is a retail center with light manufacturing. There is dairying, and cattle and sheep are raised. The county fairgrounds are in Murray.

views updated

Murray, John (1841–1914) A Canadian-born biologist and oceanographer, Murray did most of his work in Britain. He was leader of the Challenger expedition and took part in other oceanographic investigations. He completed the publication of the scientific reports of the Challenger survey and produced a bathymetric chart of the oceans.

views updated

Murraycurry, dhurrie, flurry, hurry, Murray, scurry, slurry, surrey, worry •penumbrae • sundry •comfrey, Humphrey •hungry • Cymru • sultry •country, upcountry •Guthrie • backcountry