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Bushehr

Bushehr (bōōshĕr´) or Bushire (–shĬr´), city (1991 pop. 132,824), SW Iran, on the Persian Gulf. It is one of the chief ports of Iran, handling about 75% of Iran's foreign trade, and is the terminus of a trade route from Shiraz, Esfahan, and Tehran. An oil center for the region, Bushehr has thermoelectric and nuclear power plants and a fishing industry. Carpets, agricultural products, cotton, and wool are exported.

Bushehr was founded in 1736 by Nadir Shah. It was used by the British as a base for their Persian Gulf fleet in the 18th cent. and became a major commercial port in the 19th cent. It suffered heavy damage during the Iran-Iraq War in the 1980s.

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Bushehr

Bushehr (Bushire) City in sw Iran, near the head of the Persian (Arabian) Gulf and 185km (115mi) sw of Shiraz. Founded in 1736, it was the chief Iranian port until the rise of Abadan. Industries: carpet-making, cotton. Pop. (1996) 143,641.

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