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Cape of Good Hope

Cape of Good Hope. Cape Town was captured by the British from the Dutch in 1795 and formally ceded in 1814. Strained relations between British immigrants and the Dutch settlers (Boers) over slavery and religion led to the Boers' Great Trek in 1835 to re-establish their own territories. The Cape became a crown colony in 1853. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) on Boer land renewed the struggle for political control in southern Africa, leading finally to the Boer war (1899–1902). In 1910 the Cape became a province of the Union of South Africa along with the Boer republics of Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State.

Richard A. Smith

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Cape of Good Hope

Cape of Good Hope Peninsula, 50km (30mi) s of Cape Town, South Africa. The first European to sail around it was Bartholomeu Diaz in 1488. The Cape sea route between India and Europe was established by Vasco da Gama in 1497–99.

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Good Hope, Cape of

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"Good Hope, Cape of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Jul. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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