prone

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prone / prōn/ • adj. 1. (prone to/prone to do something) likely to or liable to suffer from, do, or experience something, typically something regrettable or unwelcome: years of logging had left the mountains prone to mudslides he is prone to jump to conclusions. 2. lying flat, esp. face downward: I was lying prone on a foam mattress a prone position. ∎  technical denoting the position of the forearm with the palm of the hand facing downward. 3. archaic with a downward slope or direction. DERIVATIVES: prone·ness n.

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prone naturally inclined, disposed XIV; bending forward and downward XVI; lying flat XVII. — L. prōnus, f. prō forward (see PRO-1).
So pronation (physiol.) putting a fore limb into a prone position. XVII. — F. or medL. (f. late L. prōnāre). pronator muscle effecting this. XVIII.

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prone (prohn) adj.
1. lying with the face downwards.

2. (of the forearm) in the position in which the palm of the hand faces downwards. Compare supine.