Ecclesiasticus

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

ECCLESIASTICUS

The title commonly applied to the Latin translation (from the Greek version) of the Wisdom of Ben Sira, also known as sirach. The word Ecclesiasticus, like κκλησιαστικός of Codex 248, a witness to the Greek II form of the book, is an adjective. But from the 3d century a.d. the Latin word came to be used also as a proper nounSt. Cyprian (d. 258) cites Sirach in this fashion: Apud Salomonem in Ecclesiastico, or simply In Ecclesiastico [Corpus scriptorum ecclesiasticorum latinorum 3 (Vienna 1868) 110, 154, 176, 177, 178, 181]. In the Vulgate tradition this same peculiarity is found; one manuscript begins ecclesiastici liber incipit, and the editions have either incipit liber ecclesiastici or simply Ecclesiasticus, whereas other manuscripts contain the more logical incipit liber ecclesiasticus. The best witnesses of the Vulgate, however, read liber Hiesu filii Sirach, a title more in keeping with most Greek manuscripts. The word Ecclesiasticuseither as an adjective modifying liber (expressed or understood), or worse still as a proper nouncannot be satisfactorily accounted for. Perhaps because the book was so often read in the liturgy, it came to be considered the Church book par excellence; or because it is the most important of the Deuterocanonical books that were rejected from the Jewish canon, The Wisdom of Ben Sira came to be known as the "Churchly" bookone accepted by the Church but not by the Jews.

Bibliography: Sapientia Salomonis, Liber Hiesu filii Sirach (Biblia sacra iuxta latinam vulgatam versionem 12; Rome 1964), a critical ed.

[a. a. di lella]

views updated

EcclesiasticusBacchus, Caracas, Gracchus •Damascus •Aristarchus, carcass, Hipparchus, Marcus •discus, hibiscus, meniscus, viscous •umbilicus • Copernicus •Ecclesiasticus • Leviticus • floccus •caucus, Dorcas, glaucous, raucous •Archilochus, Cocos, crocus, focus, hocus, hocus-pocus, locus •autofocus •fucus, Lucas, mucous, mucus, Ophiuchus, soukous •ruckus • fuscous • abacus •diplodocus • Telemachus •Callimachus • Caratacus • Spartacus •circus

views updated

Ecclesiasticus Book of the Apocrypha, an example of Jewish wisdom literature. The work of a Jewish scribe, Jesus ben Sirach, written in c.180 bc. Although originally in Hebrew, it found its way into the Septuagint and not the Jewish canon. A handbook of practical and moral advice, the central theme is the relationship between wisdom and God.

views updated

Ecclesiasticus a book of the Apocrypha containing moral and practical maxims, probably composed or compiled in the early 2nd century bc.

views updated

Ecclesiasticus (book of the Apocrypha/Bible): see BEN SIRA, WISDOM OF.

views updated

Ecclesiasticus: see Sirach.