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Ginastera, Alberto

Ginastera, Alberto (b Buenos Aires, 1916; d Geneva, 1983). Argentinian composer. Ballet suite Panambi performed in Buenos Aires 1937. Guggenheim fellowship 1942. Lived in NY 1945–7. Returned to Argentina 1948 to teach and compose (though falling foul of Peron régime). Founded various mus. schs., incl. Centre for Advanced Mus. Studies, Buenos Aires, of which he became dir. 1962–9. Settled in Geneva 1971. His mus. was in a nationalistic idiom up to about 1958 when he adopted more advanced procedures incl. serialism (first apparent in the 1952 pf. sonata), microtones, and aleatory rhythms. His operas have attracted wide attention. Works incl.:OPERAS: Don Rodrigo, 3 acts (prod. Buenos Aires, 1964); Bomarzo, 2 acts (prod. Washington 1967, London 1976); Beatrix Cenci, 2 acts (prod. Washington 1971).BALLETS: Panambi (1934–6); Estancia (1941).ORCH.: suite, Panambi (1937); Ollantay (1947); Variaciones concertantes (1953); Pampeana No.3 (1954); Concerto per corde (1965); Estudios sinfónicos (1967); Glosses sobre temes de Pau Casals (1976–8); Iubilum (1980).CONCERTOS: pf. No.1 (1961), No.2 (1972); vn. (1963); hp. (1956); vc. No.1 (1968), No.2 (1980).CHORUS & ORCH.: Ps. 150 (1938); Turbae ad Passionem Gregorianam, 3 singers, boy's ch., ch., and orch. (1974).VOICE & ORCH.: Cantáta para América mágica, sop., perc. (1960); Sinfonia, ‘Don Rodrigo’, sop., orch. (1964); cantata Bomarzo, narr., bar., orch. (1964, distinct from opera of same name); Milena, sop., orch. (1971); Serenata, vc., bar., chamber orch. (1973).CHAMBER MUSIC: Duo, fl., ob. (1945); str. qts., No.1 (1948), No.2 (1958), No.3 (1973, with sop.); pf. sonatas, No.1 (1952), No.2 (1981), No.3 (1982); pf. quintet (1963); Puneùa No.2 ‘Hommage à Paul Sacher’, vc. (1976); gui. sonata (1976); vc. sonata (1979); Variations and Toccata sopra ‘Aurora Lucis Rutilat’, org. (1980).

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Ginastera, Alberto

Alberto Ginastera (älbār´tō hēnästā´rä), 1916–83, Argentinean composer, b. Buenos Aires. Ginastera is considered among the most prominent comtemporary Latin American composers of the 20th cent. His early works used Latin American folk material; later compositions were less nationalistic and utilized serial techniques (see serial music). Among Ginastera's best-known works are the ballets Panambi (1940) and Estancia (1941); a piano sonata (1952); the Variations Concertantes for orchestra (1953); piano, violin, harp, and cello concertos; and the operas Don Rodrigo (1964), Bomarzo (1967), and Beatrix Cenci (1971).

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