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Griffin, Walter Burley

Griffin, Walter Burley (1876–1937). Illinois-born American architect. He worked in Chicago (1899–1901) and for F. L. Wright (1901–5), before being appointed Director for the design and construction of the Federal Capital at Canberra, Australia, in 1913. The formal geometry of his plan was successfully imposed upon a natural landscape of great beauty, perhaps reflecting Griffin's interest in the Rudolf Steiner movement of Anthroposophy. Among his best designs are Newman College, University of Melbourne (1917), the Capitol Theatre, Melbourne (1924), and several houses in Australia. He designed and patented a system of construction involving interlocking components he called Knitlock. He produced an enormous number of designs for his adopted country, many of which were realized. Griffin's wife was Marion Lucy Mahony (1871–1961), who worked in Wright's Oak Park Studio, Chicago (1898–1909), and was responsible for many drawings in the influential Ausgeführte Bauten und Entwürfe von Frank Lloyd Wright (Executed Buildings and Projects by Frank Lloyd Wright), published by Wasmuth (1910).

Bibliography

Birrell (1964);
H. Brooks (1972);
Kalman (1980);
D. L. Johnson (1977);
Kobayashi et al. (1996);
Maldre (1996);
Peisch (1964);
van Zanten (ed.) (1970)

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Walter, Lucy

Lucy Walter, 1630?–1658, mistress (1648–50) of Charles II of England during his exile in Holland and France. She was the mother by him of James Scott, duke of Monmouth, whom the Whigs supported as heir to the throne in their attempt to exclude James, duke of York (later James II), from the succession. It was rumored at that time that Charles had actually married Lucy and that proof of the marriage was contained in a mysterious black box. Charles always denied the report. Lucy herself was a courtesan before and after her connection with Charles. She was arrested (1656) in London as a spy but was released and sent abroad. She died in Paris.

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