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dislocation

dislocation, displacement of a body part, usually a bone. When a bone is dislocated, the ends of opposing bones are usually forced out of connection with one another. In the process, bruising of tissues and tearing of ligaments may occur. The condition may be congenital, but usually it is the result of injury. In some persons recurrent dislocation, usually of the jaw or of the knee, is brought on by only slight provocation. Manipulation, bandages, splints, and other appliances are used to reposition the dislocated part. Occasionally corrective surgery may be required.

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dislocation

dislocation (luxation) (dis-lŏ-kay-shŏn) n. displacement from their normal position of bones meeting at a joint such that there is complete loss of contact of the joint surfaces. The bones are restored to their normal positions by manipulation under local or general anaesthesia (see reduction). Compare subluxation.

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dislocation

dislocation
1. The relative displacement to either side of a fracture.

2. Imperfections developed along a line of atoms within a crystal structure, which may displace or add a row of atoms into the regular structure. Edge dislocations add rows of atoms; screw dislocations displace rows of atoms along a plane.

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