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Cowper's glands (bulbourethral glands) A pair of pea-sized glands that lie beneath the prostate gland, named after the English surgeon William Cowper (1660–1709). Cowper's glands secrete an alkaline fluid that forms part of the semen. This fluid neutralizes the acidic environment of the urethra, thereby protecting the sperm. See also seminal vesicle.
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