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chaconne

chaconne (Fr.; Eng. chacony, It. ciaccona, Sp. chacona; from Basque chocuna pretty). A musical form almost indistinguishable from passacaglia. Both were orig. dances of 3-in-a-measure rhythm, and the mus. of both was erected on a ground bass. In some specimens this bass theme passes into an upper part. In others while there is no actual ground bass the mus. falls into a number of quite short sections similar to those written over a ground bass. Lully, Rameau, and other composers of their period and a little later, often ended an opera with a movt. of this type (e.g. Gluck's Orfeo). A universally known Chaconne is that by Bach which closes the 2nd Partita (D minor) for solo vn.—often played without its companion movts. Purcell's aria When I am laid in earth (Dido and Aeneas) is a chaconne, so are Beethoven's 32 Variations in C minor for piano, the finale of Brahms's Sym. No.4 (usually called a passacaglia), and the last movt. of Britten's str. qt. No.2 (Chacony).

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chaconne and passacaglia

chaconne and passacaglia (pä´səkäl´yə), two closely related musical forms popular during the baroque period. Both are in triple meter time and employ a characteristic recurring harmonic pattern or actual bass line of four or eight bars. J. S. Bach's Chaconne from the D Minor Violin Suite and his Passacaglia in C Minor for organ are the most famous examples of these forms.

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chaconne

chaconneaide-de-camp, aides-de-camp, anon, Asunción, au courant, begone, Bonn, bon vivant, Caen, Canton, Carcassonne, Ceylon, chaconne, chateaubriand, ci-devant, Colón, colon, Concepción, con (US conn), cretonne, don, Duchamp, Evonne, foregone, fromage blanc, Gabon, Garonne, gone, guenon, hereupon, Inchon, Jean, john, Jon, Le Mans, León, Luzon, Mont Blanc, Narbonne, odds-on, on, outgone, outshone, Perón, phon, piñon, Pinot Blanc, plafond, Ramón, Saigon, Saint-Saëns, Sand, Schwann, scone, shone, side-on, sine qua non, Sorbonne, spot-on, swan, thereon, thereupon, ton, Toulon, undergone, upon, Villon, wan, whereon, whereupon, won, wonton, yon, Yvonne •crayon, rayon •Leon, Lyons, neon, prion •Ceredigion • Mabinogion • nucleon •Amiens • dupion • parathion •Laocoon •gluon, Rouen •bon-bon • Audubon

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