SUBSTANDARD, also sub-standard. A semi-technical term for usage that is not STANDARD or CORRECT, such as He ain't done nothin'. A variety of speech may also be so labelled: ‘St. Mary's Lane, Lewes, is called “Simmery Lane” in local sub-standard speech’ (English Studies 45, 1964). The term has often been used academically, without necessarily intending a negative judgement: ‘In such communities the non-standard language can be divided, roughly, to be sure, and without a sharp demarcation, into substandard speech, intelligible at least, though not uniform, throughout the country, and local dialect’ (Leonard Bloomfield, Language, 1933). Many linguists and teachers nowadays object to this use, arguing that in such phrases as substandard housing the term means ‘of poor or low quality’ and that usage referred to in the same way is perceived in the same way. They consequently prefer the term NONSTANDARD. Compare DEVIANT.
More From encyclopedia.com
Patois , PATOIS [Pronunciation: ‘patwa’]. 1. A non-technical term for a DIALECT, especially if it has low status in relation to a STANDARD, literary language:… Accent , ACCENT 1. A way of speaking that indicates a person's place of origin and/or social class: a working-class accent, a London accent, a working-class L… Dysarthria , Definition Dysarthria is a group of speech impairments due to weakness, incoordination, spasticity, rigidity, or irregular movements caused by damage… Standard , STANDARD A prestigious and uniform variety of a LANGUAGE: the literary standard, standard English. The application of the term to language dates from… Speech-language Pathology , Speech-Language Pathology Treatment for the improvement or cure of communication disorders , including speech, language, and swallowing disorders. Th… Stuttering , There is no standard definition of stuttering, but most attempt to define stuttering as the blockages, discoordination, or fragmentations of the forw…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated Aug 08 2016 About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like