League of Augsburg

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Augsburg, League of (1686) Alliance of the enemies of the French King Louis XIV. Composed of Spain, Sweden, the Holy Roman Empire, and lesser states, its formation under Emperor Leopold I was a reaction to French encroachment on the land bordering the Holy Roman Empire. Following the French attack on the Palatinate in 1688, a new coalition against the French, the Grand Alliance, was formed in 1689.

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League of Augsburg, defensive alliance formed (1686) by Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I with various German states, including Bavaria and the Palatinate, and with Sweden and Spain so far as their German interests were concerned. It was an acknowledgment of a community of German feeling against French expansion. The war that broke out after the French attack on the Palatinate in Oct., 1688, is sometimes designated the War of the League of Augsburg. In 1689 a new coalition against the French, the Grand Alliance, was formed by Austria, England, and the Netherlands. Savoy and Spain later joined the Alliance, and the war of 1688–97 is more properly known as the War of the Grand Alliance (see Grand Alliance, War of the).