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Sharif

SHARIF

An Arabic word that literally means "noble" or "illustrious," especially by virtue of one's lineage.

In the first few centuries of the Muslim era, sharif (pl., ashraf or shurafa ) was used to refer to members of the prominent Arab families that made up the typically landed aristocracy of the expanding Muslim domains. Much like its rough equivalent sayyid, however, use of sharif as an honorific was gradually limited to scions of the clan of the prophet Muhammad (that is, the Banu Hashim), and eventually was further restricted to Muhammad's direct descendants through his grandsons Hasan and Husayn. In Mecca, Medina, and their environs, the custom developed of applying the title sharif almost exclusively to descendants of Hasan, with sayyid referring to descendents of Husayn. Under Ottoman rule the senior member of the Arabian sharifs was recognized as the semiautonomous governor of Mecca and the keeper of its sacred sanctuary.

see also muhammad.

scott alexander

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sharif

sha·rif / shəˈrēf/ (also she·reef or she·rif) • n. 1. a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatima, entitled to wear a green turban or veil. 2. a Muslim ruler, magistrate, or religious leader. DERIVATIVES: sha·rif·i·an adj.

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Sharīf

Sharīf (Arab., ‘noble’). Title of honour, but in Islam especially of those descended from the Prophet Muḥammad's family, among the banu Hāshim. The most prominent in the post-Second-World-War years has been King Hussein of Jordan, hence the Hashimite dynasty.

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sharif

sharif a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatima, entitled to wear a green turban or veil. The word comes from Arabic šarīf ‘noble’, from šarafa ‘be exalted’.

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Sharif

Sharifaperitif, beef, belief, brief, chief, enfeoff, fief, grief, interleaf, leaf, Leif, lief, Mazar-e-Sharif, misbelief, motif, naif, O'Keeffe, reef, seif, Sharif, sheaf, shereef, sportif, Tenerife, thief •tea leaf • fig leaf • bas-relief • flyleaf •drop-leaf • broadleaf • cloverleaf •massif • leitmotif

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