Bogazkoy

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

BOGAZKöY

city in turkey on the site of the probable hittite capital in central anatolia.

Known as Hattushash (or Pteria, in Greek), today's Bogazköy was built over a site first inhabited by Hittites in the third millennium b.c.e. It was a major trading town and became the Hittite capital in the second millennium b.c.e. Thousands of clay tablets impressed with cuneiform writing have been excavated. The Hittite kingdom was extended into Syria, where a famous battle was fought with the Egyptians at Qadesh (near today's Homs) in 1285 b.c.e. By 1200 b.c.e., the Hittite Empire was destroyed by migrating tribes known as the "sea peoples."

Elizabeth Thompson