In the predominantly urban-based, African-American world of rap, Caucasian newcomers have been characteristically met with suspicions of cultural appropriation, as was the case with comic-book flash in the pan Vanilla Ice, who fabricated his past to give him the street-wise credibility many “gangster” rappers wear on their sleeve. I rish-Canadian Snow had no need for such phony publicity, as his childhood was steeped in the harsh pressures of city life, as well as to the sounds of Jamaican inspired reggae. When his debut single “Informer” rocketed to the top of the sales charts in the Untied States and Canada, the singer was serving prison time for a knifing to which he pleaded innocent. Nevertheless, Snow was dogged by comparisons to Vanilla Ice from the onset and found himself with the burden of proving he was not a mere novelty. Unfortunately, after his debut album 12 Inches of Snow, the rapper proved that his rugged life did not equal a musical career with several lackluster follow ups.
Born into a working-class Toronto housing project in 1970, Snow (Darrin Kenneth O’Brien) was beset with obstacles from his beginning. Raised by his struggling divorced mother Donna, Snow quickly found himself in the thick of the gang violence and crime that would color the lyrics of his future recordings. “I never had nothin’ to do except drink and fight,” Snow told Nicholas Jennings in Maclean’s magazine. “Sometimes, I’d fantasize that I was Bruce Lee, or maybe one of the guys in Kiss. But mostly, I just hung out and got into trouble.” After dropping out of the ninth grade, Snow began racking up a criminal record with the Canadian police.
Although Toronto’s Allenbury projects facilitated Snow’s involvement with violence and his near alcoholism, the environment also bore the seeds that would save him. Snow’s neighborhood was largely populated by West Indian immigrants and descendants who retained their rich heritage of dance hall reggae music. Immersed in reggae, Snow demonstrated a nimble tongue able to churn out the tricky rhythms of that music’s vocal style, a use of dialect called patois. With his friend and DJ Martin Prince, Snow began impromptu performances in local basement parties, upending the biases of those who first noticed only the rapper’s skin color. “People would think he was a cop or something,” Prince told Jennings. “But when he started rapping, people freaked out.”
Before Snow was able to mature as a rap performer, however, his violent life would cause a temporary setback. In 1989, when Snow was only 19, he had been involved in a knife fight, an entanglement which, several years later, sent the rapper to the Metro Toronto East Detention Center on charges of attempted murder. Although it was eight months before Snow was acquitted of all charges, he kept himself busy with his music. Fueled by the experience of his incarceration, Snow penned the song “Informer” and shared it with his fellow inmates, winning their admiration. “That gave me courage,” Snow told Jennings. “I knew that if I could rock that crowd, I could rock any crowd.”
Before being sentenced to jail, Snow had been introduced by Prince to New York rapper MC Shan, who saw potential in the Canadian and arranged for a meeting with producers David Eng and Steve Salem. The duo quickly committed several tracks to record and test-marketed the track “Lonely Monday Morning” on the EastWest label. Satisfied with the results, Snow’s new managers opted to release “Informer” as a single in 1993, when the singer himself was still serving time, but they could not have anticipated its wildfire popularity. Despite the fact that many listeners could not unscramble Snow’s rocket-paced patois delivery, which was actually accompanied by subtitles in its video, the song sold at an alarming rate. “It’s irresistible, it’s incomprehensible, and it’s a Number One hit,” wrote Greg Sandow in Entertainment Weekly. “We’re talking about ’Informer, ’ a happily propulsive little tune that has to be the most likely smash in years.”
After “Informer” dominated the top position on sales charts in the United States and Canada for seven weeks— a record matched in Canada only by rocker
Born Darrin Kenneth O’Brien, 1970, in Toronto, Canada; son of a cab driver and Donna, a homemaker; two brothers and one sister; daughter Justuss, born April of 1996.
Began rapping in the dance hall reggae style at basement parties in the late 1980s in his predominately West Indian neighborhood; signed to Atlantic subsidiary EastWest and released debut single “informer” and album 12 Inches of Snow, 1993; began first live tour, 1993; released the disappointing follow-up album, Murder Love, 1995; sued by ex-partner DJ (Martin) Prince for alleged breach of an oral contract, 1997; released both Justuss and Greatest Hits, 1997’.
Awards: Platinum certification for “Informer” and 12 Inches of Snow, 1993.
Addresses: Record componi; —Elektra/Asylum, 75 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, NY, 10019.
Bryan Adams—Snow’s debut album 12 Inches of Snow was released. The record featured twelve new songs which explored rhythm and blues and traditional rap along with dance hall reggae, all of them composed by Snow. While the album’s sales were on par with the single, much of the impetus came from the buzz of “Informer” alone. When Snow’s follow-up single “Girl, I’ve Been Hurt,” a slow tempo ballad, failed to generate the same interest as its predecessor, Snow was burdened with the pressure of proving he was more than a novelty act and comparisons with Vanilla Ice were flung from all quarters.
While Snow’s stay in the limelight was relatively shortlived, his visibility did spark greater interest in his often overlooked genre of music, as well as Canadian artists in general. “The success of Snow has not started any stampede to sign white or black dance hall rappers,” wrote Daniel Cauldeiron in Billboard, “but the media waves he’s set off may yet draw attention to the nation’s eager ragga, ruffneck, and yardie [all styles of reggae] wannabes.” Besides Jamaican acts Shabba Ranks and Buju Banton, few proponents of dance hall reggae had made it into the mainstream, and unlike these two, none of Snows notoriety came from advocating of anti-gay violence.
After leaving EastWest for Elektra, Snow released Murder Love in 1995 and Justuss in 1997. As the gap in time between records suggests, Snow had become more meticulous in his production— Justuss was created in Jamaica and Toronto over a period of seven months with three different engineers. In addition, his vocal delivery had grown smoother, and despite his continuing friction with Canadian law, his lyrics took on positive political and social subjects. Spurred by his initial success and the birth of his daughter, Justuss, in April of 1996, after whom the album is named, Snow made it a point to shed his destructive life of violence and excessive drinking. “Having this success has really opened my mind to the possibilities in life and places which have changed the way I go through this life,” Snow mused.”
Sadly enough, Snow’s growth as a person was not paralleled by new fertility as a songwriter. Aside from his new lyrical themes, Snow’s second and third albums left both critics and listeners cold, and their songs generated only minor hits. To make matters worse, Snow was sued by his former friend Prince in 1997. Claiming that he had not been compensated for his role in 12 Inches of Snow. Prince was awarded the sum of one and a half million dollars by a New York jury. Perhaps fearing that Snow might quickly loose any credibility, Elektra released a surprisingly premature greatest hits package that year, despite Snow’s obvious dearth of actual hits. Nevertheless, as many careers have made clear, the 28 year old Snow may see yet another turn for the better.
12 Inches of Snow, Atlantic, 1993.
Murder Love, Elektra/AsyluAm, 1995.
Justuss, Elektra/Asylum, 1997.
Greatest Hits, Elektra/Asylum, 1997.
Billboard, August 21, 1993, June 28, 1997.
Entertainment Weekly, April 2, 1993.
Maclean’s, May 3, 1993.
People Weekly, April 10, 1993.
Rolling Stone, September 16, 1993.
snow / snō/ • n. 1. atmospheric water vapor frozen into ice crystals and falling in light white flakes or lying on the ground as a white layer: we were trudging through deep snow | the first snow of the season. 2. something that resembles snow in color or texture, in particular: ∎ a mass of flickering white spots on a television or radar screen, caused by interference or a poor signal. ∎ inf. cocaine. ∎ a dessert or other dish resembling snow: vanilla snow. ∎ a frozen gas resembling snow: carbon dioxide snow. • v. 1. [intr.] (it snows, it is snowing, etc.) snow falls: it's not snowing so heavily now. ∎ (be snowed in) be confined or blocked by a large quantity of snow: I was snowed in for a week. ∎ [tr.] fig. used to describe the arrival of an overwhelming quantity of something: in the last week it had snowed letters and business. ∎ [tr.] sprinkle or scatter (something), causing it to fall like snow: the ceiling is snowing green flakes of paint onto the seats. 2. [tr.] inf. mislead or charm (someone) with elaborate and insincere words: they would snow the public into believing that all was well. PHRASAL VERBS: snow someone under (usu. be snowed under) overwhelm someone with a large quantity of something, esp. work: he's been snowed under with urgent cases.DERIVATIVES: snow·less adj. snow·like / -ˌlīk/ adj.
snow, precipitation formed by the sublimation of water vapor into solid crystals at temperatures below freezing. Sublimation resulting in the formation of snow takes place about a dust particle, as in the formation of raindrops. Snowflakes form symmetrical (hexagonal) crystals, sometimes matted together if they descend through air warmer than that of the cloud in which they originated. Apparently, no two snow crystals are alike; they differ from each other in size, lacy structure, and surface markings. Snowfall, reduced to its liquid equivalent, is usually included in statistics on rainfall; the factors determining snowfall are similar to those affecting rainfall. On an average, 10 in. (25 cm) of snow is equivalent to 1 in. (2.5 cm) of rain. In the United States the average snowfall is about 28 in. (71 cm) per winter; the record is 1,140 in. (2,896 cm) at Mt. Baker in Washington state during the snow season of 1998–99. Snow that piles up on slopes may suddenly slide downward in an avalanche. A glacier consists of ice that was formed from compacted snow. Snow serves as an insulating blanket, lessening to some extent the extremes of temperature fluctuation to which the soil is subjected, but it also brings about a rapid cooling of the overlying atmosphere, giving rise to polar air masses. Snow lessens loss of water by dormant plants. The sudden melting of snow is a primary cause of floods. Snow necessitates the building of snowsheds over rail lines and highways in certain mountain localities where a heavy fall is likely to impede travel; the use of snowplows to clear sidewalks, streets, and roads; the use of snow fences to prevent drifting over roads; and the use of skis, snowshoes, toboggans, snowmobiles, and sleds for travel. It is a primary factor in the location of winter sports centers and so has great economic value to certain areas. In some ski resorts machines are used to make artificial snow. As in the case of rainfall, snowfall has been produced artificially by introducing dry-ice pellets into supercooled clouds, that is, clouds containing unfrozen water droplets at temperatures below freezing.
Snow Queen a cold-hearted woman, from the chief character in a Hans Christian Andersen fairy tale with this title; the cruel but beautiful queen who carries off Kay to her frozen kingdom, from which he is ultimately rescued by his playmate Gerda.
Snow White in the traditional fairy story, the princess whose wicked stepmother attempts to murder her, and who finds refuge with the Seven Dwarfs (see seven). The queen seeks out the dwarfs' cottage in the guise of a pedlar and tries to kill her stepdaughter, with a poisoned lace, a poisoned comb, and finally a poisoned apple, one bite of which apparently kills her. The Dwarfs, who cannot revive her, place her in a coffin of glass; she is found there by a prince who raises her so that the piece of apple falls from her lips and she regains consciousness.
See also driven snow, north wind doth blow, we shall have snow.
Hence snow vb. XIII; repl. ME. snewe, OE. snïwan (G. schneien) :- WGmc. *sniʒwan. Comps. and derivs. snowball XIV, snowdrop XVII, snow-flake XVIII, snow-shoe XVII, snow-white OE. snāwhwīt, snowy OE. snāwig.
See also 27. ATMOSPHERE ; 85. CLIMATE ; 87. CLOUDS ; 90. COLD ; 345. RAIN ; 417. WEATHER .
- a mania for snow.
- an abnormal fear or dislike of snow.