Skip to main content

Common Weights and Measures ( (table))

Common Weights and Measures

Common Weights and Measures
Length
Metric System
1 millimeter = 1/1,000 meter
1 centimeter = 1/100 meter
1 decimeter = 1/10 meter
1 meter (basic unit of length)
1 dekameter = 10 meters
1 kilometer = 1,000 meters
American and British Units
1 inch = 1/36 yard = 1/12 foot
1 foot = 1/3 yard
1 yard (basic unit of length)
1 rod = 51/2 yards
1 furlong = 220 yards = 40 rods
1 mile = 1,760 yards = 5,280 feet
1 fathom = 6 feet
1 nautical mile = 6,076.1 feet
Conversion Factors
1 centimeter = 0.39 inch
1 inch = 2.54 centimeters
1 meter = 39.37 inches
1 foot = 0.305 meter
1 meter = 3.28 feet
1 yard = 0.914 meter
1 meter = 1.094 yards
1 kilometer = 0.62 mile
1 mile = 1.609 kilometers
Area
Metric System
1 square centimeter = 1/10,000 square meter
1 square decimeter = 1/100 square meter
1 square meter (basic unit of area)
1 are = 100 square meters
1 hectare = 10,000 square meters = 100 ares
1 square kilometer = 1,000,000 square meters
American and British Units
1 square inch = 1/1,296 square yard = 1/144 square foot
1 square foot = 1/9 square yard
1 square yard (basic unit of area)
1 square rod = 301/4 square yards
1 acre = 4,840 square yards = 160 square rods
1 square mile = 3,097,600 square yards = 640 acres
Conversion Factors
1 square centimeter = 0.155 square inch
1 square inch = 6.45 square centimeters
1 acre = 0.405 hectare
1 hectare = 2.47 acres
1 square kilometer = 0.386 square mile
1 square mile = 2.59 square kilometers
Volume and Capacity (Liquid and Dry)
Metric System
1 cubic centimeter = 1/1,000,000 cubic meter
1 cubic decimeter = 1/1,000 cubic meter
1 cubic meter = 1 stere (basic unit of volume)
1 milliliter = 1/1,000 liter = 1 cubic centimeter
1 centiliter = 1/100 liter
1 deciliter = 1/10 liter
1 liter = 1 cubic decimeter (basic unit of capacity)
1 dekaliter = 10 liters
1 hectoliter = 100 liters = 1/10 cubic meter
American and British Units
1 cubic inch = 1/46,656 cubic yard = 1/1,728 cubic foot
1 cubic foot = 1/27 cubic yard
1 cubic yard (basic unit of volume)
1 U.S. fluid ounce = 1/128 U.S. gallon = 1/16 U.S. pint
1 British imperial fluid ounce = 1/160 imperial gallon = 1/20 imperial pint
1 pint = 1/8 gallon = 1/2 quart
1 quart = 1/4 gallon
1 U.S. gallon (basic unit of liquid capacity in the United States) = 231 cubic inches
1 imperial gallon (basic unit of liquid capacity in some Commonwealth nations) = 277.4 cubic inches
1 dry pint = 1/64 bushel = 1/2 dry quart
1 dry quart = 1/32 bushel = 1/8 peck
1 peck = 1/4 bushel
1 U.S. bushel (basic unit of dry capacity in the United States) = 2,150.4 cubic inches
1 imperial bushel (basic unit of dry capacity in some Commonwealth nations) = 2,219.4 cubic inches
Conversion Factors
1 cubic centimeter = 0.06 cubic inch
1 cubic inch = 16.4 cubic centimeters
1 cubic yard = 0.765 cubic meter
1 cubic meter = 1.3 cubic yards
1 milliliter = 0.034 fluid ounce
1 fluid ounce = 29.6 milliliters
1 U.S. quart = 0.946 liter
1 liter = 1.06 U.S. quarts
1 U.S. gallon = 3.8 liters
1 imperial gallon = 1.2 U.S. gallons = 4.5 liters
1 liter = 0.9 dry quart
1 dry quart = 1.1 liters
1 dekaliter = 0.28 U.S. bushel
1 U.S. bushel = 0.97 imperial bushel = 3.5 dekaliters
Weight (Mass)
Metric System
1 milligram = 1/1,000,000 kilogram = 1/1,000 gram
1 centigram = 1/100,000 kilogram = 1/100 gram
1 decigram = 1/10,000 kilogram = 1/10 gram
1 gram = 1/1,000 kilogram
1 dekagram = 1/100 kilogram = 10 grams
1 hectogram = 1/10 kilogram = 100 grams
1 kilogram (basic unit of weight or mass)
1 metric ton = 1,000 kilograms
American and British Units: Avoirdupois
1 grain = 1/7,000 pound = 1/437.5 ounce
1 dram = 1/256 pound = 1/16 ounce
1 ounce = 1/16 pound
1 pound (basic unit of weight or mass)
1 short hundredweight = 100 pounds
1 long hundredweight = 112 pounds
1 short ton = 2,000 pounds
1 long ton = 2,240 pounds
American and British Units: Troy and Apothecaries'
1 grain = 1/7,000 avoirdupois pound = 1/5,760 troy or apothecaries' pound
1 apothecaries' scruple = 20 grains = 1/3 dram
1 pennyweight = 24 grains = 1/20 troy ounce
1 apothecaries' dram = 60 grains = 1/8 apothecaries' ounce
1 troy or apothecaries' ounce = 480 grains = 1/12 troy or apothecaries' pound
1 troy or apothecaries' pound = 5,760 grains = 5,760/7,000 avoirdupois pound
Conversion Factors
1 milligram = 0.015 grain
1 grain = 64.8 milligrams
1 gram = 0.035 avoirdupois ounce
1 avoirdupois ounce = 28.35 grams
1 troy or apothecaries' pound = 0.82 avoirdupois pound = 0.37 kilogram
1 avoirdupois pound = 1.2 troy or apothecaries' pounds = 0.45 kilogram
1 kilogram = 2.205 avoirdupois pounds
1 short ton = 0.9 metric ton
1 metric ton = 1.1 short tons

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Common Weights and Measures ( (table))." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Common Weights and Measures ( (table))." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/common-weights-and-measures-table

"Common Weights and Measures ( (table))." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved November 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/common-weights-and-measures-table

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.