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Ancrum Moor, battle of

Ancrum Moor, battle of, 1545. The death of James V after the disaster at Solway Moss in 1542 encouraged Henry VIII to propose a marriage between his only son Edward and the infant queen of Scotland, Mary. When the negotiations faltered, Henry resolved on a strong-arm policy, the famous ‘rough wooing’. In 1544 Hertford (Somerset) led a punitive raid which sacked Edinburgh. The following year another expedition, led by Sir Ralph Evers and Sir Brian Latoun, gutted Melrose. But the regent, Arran, and the earl of Angus gathered a Scottish army just outside the town and on 17 February inflicted a heavy defeat on the invaders, killing both the leaders.

J. A. Cannon

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