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Crawford, Randy

Randy Crawford

Singer

For the Record

Street Life

One Day Ill Fly Away

Selected discography

Sources

What was predicted for Randy Crawford in 1977 has come true more than two decades later. If consistency is an indication of professionalism, Gary Vercelly wrote in a Downbeat portrait of the then-24-year-old singer, Randy Crawfords stable performance record proves that she is well on her way toward establishing herself, not only as a singer of great sensitivity, but also as a mature woman of sincere, honest expression. Since then Randy Crawford has released over 15 albums and had several international multi-platinum hits. And if she still goes relatively unrecognized in her native land, she has become one of the worlds most successful popular singers of the late 1990s. Since her hit interpretation of Bernard Igners Everything Must Change, the secret of Crawfords popularity has changed little. Regardless of the mode she chooses, Vercelly wrote, the bottom line of Randys appeal clearly lies in her ability to bring any tune to life, giving lyrics new meaning and melodies fresh dimensions. Randy has the necessary tools to carry off a sustained cry, creating a religious aura. Even at her most soulful moments, however, her flexible delivery never sounds forced. Her

For the Record

Born Veronica Crawford, February 18, 1952 in Macon, GA.

Performed on the American and European club circuit at age 15; released first single If You Say the Word at age 20; shared stages with jazz musicians Cannonball Adderly, George Benson, and Quincy Jones, 1973-75; signed with Warner Bros., released first album Everything Must Change, 1976; first international hit Street Life with Crusaders, 1978; released sophmore album Miss Randy Crawford, 1978; world tour with Crusaders, 1979; early 1980s albums included Secret Combination and Night-line; duet Taxi Dancing with Rick Springfield, 1984 from the soundtrack Hard to Hold; Almaz on Abstract Emotions became international hit in 1986; released Rich and Poor, 1989, includes cover of Bob Dylans Knockin On Heavens Door; duet with Italian star Zuccero at the Kremlin, performed at the Vatican Christmas 1991; released Through The Eyes Of Love and Dont Say Its Over, Warner Bros., 1992-93; dined with South African President Nelson Mandela in 1993; Naked and True produced and released in Europe; Give Me The Night number one hit in United States in 1995; Warner Bros, released Best Of Randy Crawford, 1996; Street Life was used on the soundtrack to the 1997 movie Jackie Brown directed by Quentin Tarentino; released Every Kind of MoodRandy, Randi, Randee, Wea/Atlantic, 1998; released Love Songs, WEA, 1998.

Addresses: Record company Atlantic Recording Corporation, 1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10104.

approach to any music, soul, country, or jazz, is one without dilution.

The art of interpreting songs, as the great popular singers of old did, seems to be going out of fashion more and more. It is Crawford s strength. She is willing to interpret any style of songjazz, soul, rhythm & blues, pop melodies, smooth ballads or funkas long as she feels connected to the music and lyrics at a certain time. The pieces she selects are transformed by her pure, warm tone and her emotional vibrato, together with their light and breezy jazz and funk arrangements. Before you know it, regardless of whatever category the tune was at its inception, it is a Randy Crawford song, wrote Sonia Murray in Atlanta Journal and Constitution, describing the refashioning that happens when Crawford interprets a song.

Crawford has toured extensively throughout the world, performed at Europes best known jazz fests and shared stage with renowned jazz artists like Ray Charles, Al Jarreau, and Joe Sample. Some of her most memorable live performances took place in unusual places such as the Vatican and the Kremlin, at a United Nations benefit concert in Croatia, or a benefit show for Nelson Mandela in South Africa. Despite this apparent globe-trotting, though, she isnt a flashy performer. On stage, she rarely speaks and she moves about very little. Her showmanship seems completely internalized, something displayed in every note she sings. Randy Crawford is not a performer to be seen, she is a singer who has to be heard.

Street Life

Crawford grew up with five brothers and sisters in Cincinnati, Ohio. Her parents loved singing themselves and encouraged all their children to sing at home and in the church choir. Asked about early influences, Crawford told Vercelly, Aretha Franklin was the only person who really touched me deeply as a child. She especially liked Franklins early recordings made for the Columbia label before she became a star with Atlantic. By the time she was 15, Crawford wassinging in night clubs in the United States and Europe with her father acting as her chaperon. Soon she learned to read music and play piano, performed in a group with bassist William Bootsy Collins, and later in a jazz band. When she was 20, she released her first single If You Say the Word.

Within a few years the young singer had shared stages with famous jazz musicians such as Cannonball Adderley, George Benson, and Quincy Jones. According to Vercelly, the late Cannonball Adderley especially valued Crawfords rare ability to wed strength and emotion in a natural, spontaneous manner and in 1975, he selected her for the role of Carolina in the folk musical Big Man: The Legend of John Henry Crawfords first exposure to a national audience. In the same year, Crawford took the stage in front of 5000 jazz enthusiasts at the World Jazz Associations (W.J.A.) annual fund raiser at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. Accompanied by an orchestra directed by Quincy Jones, Crawford interpretedat Joness requestBernard Igners Everything Must Change, the lyrics of which she had seen for the first time only one day before the event. In 1976, Crawfords first album, Everything Must Change, was released by Warner Bros. It contained two live recordings from the W.J.A. concert, including the title track, as well as studio recordings in styles ranging from soul to country, by composers such as Lennon/McCartney, Paul Simon, and Keith Carradine, all newly arranged by Larry Carlton of the renowned jazz band Crusaders.

Crawfords second album, 1978s Miss Randy Crawford, was also primarily a collection of cover versions of recent hits, leading Downbeats reviewer to comment as if Randy Crawford was still back there interpreting and needing other peoples songs, hoping Crawfords next album would be her own totally. However, like many reviewers in the meantime, this attitude expressed a deep misunderstanding of Crawfords true giftto give a second life to every song she takes on.

When the popular instrumental jazz group Crusaders were looking for a vocalist to perform with them for the first time, Bob Krasnow, vice-president of talent at Warner Bros., suggested Randy Crawford. Street Life, the title track of the Crusaders MCA album, became Crawfords first international hit. In 1979, she toured the United States and Europe with the group; Crawford opened the show with own recordings and joined the Crusaders at the end of the groups show to sing Street Life.

One Day Ill Fly Away

With her early 1980s albums Secret Combination and Night-Line, Crawfords music became funkier, livelier; however, smooth soul ballads still remained her hallmark, songs like One Day Ill Fly Away from 1980, and Almaz, featured on her 1986 album Abstract Emotions. Crawford went on three world tours to promote her albums, playing a number of sold-out concerts. Her 1989 album Rich and Poorwas one of the United States most popular jazz albums for almost a year. Its first single, a cover of Bob Dylans Knockin On Heavens Door became a hit and was used on the soundtrack of the movie Lethal Weapon 2.

Crawford started the 1990s with two noteworthy live performances. One was at the Kremlin in 1990, with Italian superstar Zuccero whose duet with Crawford, Diamante, became a hit single in Germany. The other was a Christmas concert for Pope John Paul II at the Vatican in 1991. Crawfords last albums for Warner Brothers were Through The Eyes Of Love and Dont Say Its Over.

After experiencing difficulties with America record companies who didnt know what to do with an artist who wasnt limited to either the jazz or R&B domain, Crawford got off to a new start in Europe. There the singer had instant success with the album Naked and True, released by WEA Germany. Produced by Germany based Ralf Droesemeyer, the record saw Crawford return to her jazzy soul sound of the 1970s. The initial Naked and True tour took Crawford through Europe and South America. The import, especially Crawfords haunting interpretation of J.J. Cales song Cajun Moon, soon won the hearts of jazz and adult contemporary station listeners in the United States. As a result the Atlantic label, Bluemoon, reissued and distributed the album in the United States. In addition to covers of the Patrice Rushen hit Forget Me Nots and the Prince classic Purple Rain, it included a cover of George Bensons multi-format hit Give Me the Night, which became number one on Smooth Jazz/National AC radio charts. The album remained in the top ten on R&Rs NAC album charts for 20 consecutive weeks. 250,000 copies of Naked and True were sold in the United States and over half a million worldwide. Awash in newfound popularity, Crawford hit the road again and toured extensively all over the world.

In 1996, in the wake of Crawfords second wave of success, Warner Bros, released Best Of Randy Crawford with 14 of Crawfords greatest hits from 1976-95. Crawfords comeback won her new fansnot only those who grew up with black music classics of the sixties and seventies, but also younger people into acid jazz, retro funk and groove samplers.

Crawfords 1998 album Every Kind of MoodRandy, Randi, Randee contained an updated remake of Almaz, one of Crawfords biggest international hits, as well as covers of trip-hop pioneers Massive Attacks Hymn of the Big Wheel and Rose Royces classic ballad Wishing on a Star. The album was produced by Mousse T. who had worked on tracks by Prince, U2, Michael Jackson, and Jens Krause, who gave Give Me The Night its great sound. Mario Tarradell, reviewing the album for the Dallas Morning News, called Crawford a song stylist who can sing anything with elegance, emotion and warmth. And thats all Crawford intends to do in the future. I will always sing, she told her new record company Atlantic in 1998. I dont want to do anything else. In the late 1990s, Crawford resided in Europe, enjoying the star-status that her native land refused her.

Selected discography

Singles

Are You Sure, 1997.

Give Me the Night, 1997.

Silence, 1998.

Albums

Everything Must Change, Warner Bros., 1976, reissued, Musicrama, 1997.

Miss Randy Crawford, Warner Bros., 1978.

Now We May Begin, (includes One Day Ill Fly Away), 1980, reissued, Musicrama, 1997.

Secret Combination, Warner Bros., 1981, reissued Wea/Warner Bros., 1987.

Nightline, 1983, reissued, 1994, reissued, Musicrama, 1997

Abstract Emotions, 1986, reissued, Wea, 1994, reissued, Musicrama, 1997.

Rich And Poor, (Includes Knockin On Heavens Door), Wea/Warner Bros., 1989.

Through The Eyes Of Love, Wea/Warner Bros., 1992.

Dont Say Its Over, Wea/Warner Bros., 1993.

Very Best of Randy Crawford, Fly, 1993, reissued, 1999.

Naked And True, (includes Give Me the Night) WEA/Atlantic, 1995.

Best Of Randy Crawford, Wea/Warner Bros., 1996.

Raw Silk, Musicrama, 1997.

Every Kind of Mood Randy, Randi, Randee, Wea/Atlantic, 1998.

Love Songs, Wea, 1998.

Sources

Periodicals

Atlanta Journal and Constitution, January 29, 1998, p. E4.

Billboard, May 26, 1979, p. 39; October 28, 1995, p. 29.

Dallas Morning News, August 28, 1998, p.71; September 3, 1998, p. 37A.

Downbeat, March 24, 1977, p.30; October 11, 1978, p. 26.

Essence, August 1990, p. 48.

Online

http://home.earthlink.net/~thesonics/Crawford.html

http://imusic.com/showcase2/urban/music/randycrawford.html

http://www.amazon.com

http://www.atlantic-records.com

http://www.contemporaryjazz.com/reviews/crawford.html

http://www.jazzimprov.com/r__crwfr1.htm

http://www.netcetera.nl/crawford.html

Evelyn Hauser

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Crawford, Randy 1952–

Randy Crawford 1952

Vocalist

At a Glance

Opened for George Benson

Had Chart Success in England

Selected discography

Sources

Proving herself to be a versatile interpreter of jazz, soul, rhythm and blues, and pop, singer Randy Crawford has been an active presence on the music scene since she began performing in local night clubs as a teenager. Her recordings have run the gamut from smooth ballads such as One Day Ill Fly Away, which became her trademark song, to covers of songs made famous by Bob Dylan (Knockin on Heavens Door), Brook Benton (Rainy Night in Georgia), and the artist formerly known as Prince (Purple Rain).

Whether recording new songs or established favorites, Randy Crawford has long been known for her signature sound that makes every song seem new. Before you know it, regardless of whatever category the tune was at its inception, it is a Randy Crawford song, noted the Atlanta Constitution in its review of her 1997 release Every Kind of Mood. The singer has also been lauded by critics for her ability to create a personal link with listeners that brings them right into the sentiment of the song. As Jeremy Helligar noted in People, Crawfords great assets are her intimate singing style and vocal restraintthe way she lightly tugs her vowels when shes caught up in the heat of passion and unleashes gentle tremolos when shes suffering the agony of heartache.

Despite being frequently praised for her mastery of many different musical styles, Crawfords versatility has in some ways hampered her career. As Ron Wynn remarked in The All-Music Guide to Rock, Crawfords quivering delivery and eclectic nature has made it difficult for record companies to target and market her materials. Although she has not attracted a wide audience within the United States, she has been a popular star in Europe for nearly two decades. From 1979 to 1984, eleven of her singles reached the top 75 in Britain.

As a child in Cincinnati, Ohio, Crawfords vocal talent was developed by singing in church and social choirs. By the time she was 15, she was performing in local night clubs. In 1967, she made her international debut in St. Tropez, France during a summer vacation trip to Europe. Crawford has cited singers such as Dinah Washington and Aretha Franklin as important early career influences. As a young girl, she discovered gospel music by listening to recordings of Aretha Franklin. I used to listen to all of those records for many, many hours,

At a Glance

Born Veronica Crawford on February 18, 1952, in Macon, GA; one of five children.

Career: Sang in church and school choirs and local night clubs as a teenager, Cincinnati, OH; performed in St. Tropez, France, 1967; began performing with George Benson, 1972; released first single, If You Say the Word, 1972; sang at World Jazz Association tribute concert to Cannonball Adderley, Los Angeles, CA, 1975; released first album, Everything Must Change, on Warner Brothers, 1976; sang lead on Street Life for The Crusaders, 1979; completed tour of Europe, 1984; performed with London Symphony Orchestra, 1988; collaborated with Italian performer Zucchero at a performance in the Soviet Union, 1990; performed at Christmas concert at he Vatican for Pope John Paul II, 1991; released Every Kind of Mood on Mesa/Blue Moon Label, 1997.

Awards and honors: Most Outstanding Performer, Tokyo Music Festival, 1980; Best Female Artist, BRIT Awards, U.K., 1982.

Addresses: Management Barry Gross, 930 Third Street, Suite 102, Santa Monica, CA 90403; Record company WEA Records Germany; licensed by Mesa/Bluemoon Recordings, Inc.; manufactured and distributed by Atlantic Recording Corporation, 1290 Avenue of the America, New York, NY 10104.

Crawford remarked in Ebony Man.

Opened for George Benson

As a teenager, Crawford was lead vocalist in a group that included bassist William Bootsy Collins, who taught her how to play piano. A television appearance attracted the attention of a Los Angeles booking agent, who helped land her a gig as an opening act for noted jazz guitarist/singer George Benson. In 1972 she began opening for Benson at Nicos, a popular jazz/soul club in New York City. I got discovered while I was singing with George Benson, Crawford later told Ebony Man. During her first year with Benson, she released her first single If You Say the Word.

Crawfords career received another boost in 1975, when Warner Brothers signed her to a contract after she appeared with Benson and Quincy Jones at the World Jazz Association tribute concert for the late Cannonball Adderley. Her debut album, Everything Must Change, displayed her ability to interpret songs in a variety of styles with a voice that was rich in inflection and capable of a wide range of expression, according to The New Grove Dictionary of American Music. Although reviews of the album were largely positive, sales were only mediocre. In 1977, Crawford appeared as a backup vocalist on Please Dont Touch, the second solo album of former Genesis member Steve Hackett.

In 1979 Crawford recorded Raw Silk, which featured songs written by Allen Toussaint, Ashford & Simpson, and Oscar Brown. That same year she sang lead vocals on the title track of Street Life, an album by the popular jazz group The Crusaders. The song topped jazz charts in the United States for 20 weeks and made Crawford a star on the international music scene. The Crusaders co-wrote, produced, and provided instrumental support on Crawfords 1980 release Now We May Begin. The title track from this album was a beautiful ballad that established her independent career, claimed The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Although Now We May Begin failed to climb music charts in the United States, it reached number ten in Britain. In 1981, Crawford recorded the love theme for the soundtrack of The Competition, a film starring Richard Dreyfuss and Amy Irving.

Had Chart Success in England

Crawford continued to experience tremendous success in Europe. Her song You Might Need Somebody rose to number 11 on the British charts. Her next album Secret Combination climbed to number two in Britain and number 71 in the United States. This album featured a mix of smooth ballads, as well as funkier music, and utilized a wide range of musical styles. Secret Combination also marked the first time that a Crawford album charted in the top 100 on the American music charts.

In 1984, Crawford launched a successful tour of Europe. She returned to the United States that same year and recorded a duet with pop star Rick Springfield entitled Taxi Dancing. In 1986 Crawford released Abstract Emotions, which reached number 14 on the British charts. In 1988, she appeared in two sold-out concerts with the London Symphony Orchestra. She also performed at jazz festivals throughout the world with such notable jazz musicians as Al Jarreau, Joe Sample, and Ray Charles. She traveled to the Soviet Union in 1990 and performed in the Kremlin with the Italian superstar Zucchero.

During the early 1990s, Crawford experienced a slow period in her career. In 1995, she released a new album on the WEA Germany label entitled Naked and True and began another tour of Europe. The album was soon released in the United States by the Mesa/Bluemoon label. Naked and True became Crawfords third most successful album, selling 250,000 copies in the United States and over 500,000 copies worldwide. The album featured songs in a wide range of styles, including Give Me the Night, which hit number one on the Smooth Jazz/NAC radio charts.

Crawford remains active as a performer and recording artist after some 30 years of professional singing, and her music continues to attract critical acclaim. Crawfords unique vocal styling gives life to the fifteen tracks that emote love, heartbreak, sympathy, and passion, raved John Norment in his review of Crawfords 1997 release Every Kind of Mood. In the liner notes of Every Kind of Mood, Ahmet Ertegün offered even higher praise. I listen to Randy Crawford and hear something so familiar, wrote Ertegün. Its a sound thats timeless, beautiful, and honest. Its the sound of one of the most truly soulful voices of our time.

Selected discography

Everything Must Change, Warner, 1976.

Now We May Begin, Warner, 1980.

Abstract Emotions, Warner, 1986.

Naked and True, Mesa/Bluemoon, 1995.

Every Kind of Mood, Mesa/Bluemoon, 1997.

Sources

Books

Clarke, Donald, ed., The Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Viking, 1989, pp. 295-296.

Erlewine, Michael, Vladimir Bogdanov, and Chris Wood-stra, eds., All Music Guide to Rock, Miller Freeman, 1995, pp. 211-212.

Hitchcock, H. Wiley, and Stanley Sadie, eds., The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, Volume 1, Macmillan, 1986, p. 531.

Larkin, Colin, ed., The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Volume 3, Guinness Publishing, 1992, p. 976.

Rees, Dafydd, and Luke Crampton, eds., Rock Movers & Shakers, ABC-CLIO, 1991, pp. 126-127.

Periodicals

Atlanta Constitution, January 29, 1998, p. E-4.

Billboard, October 28, 1995, p. 29; March 7, 1998, p. 60; March 21, 1998, p. 98.

Ebony, June 1998, p. 22.

Ebony Man, July 1996, p. 8.

People, March 9, 1998, p. 29.

Other

Additional information for this profile was obtained from Atlantic Recording Corporation publicity materials.

Ed Decker

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