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Wyman, Jane

WYMAN, Jane



Nationality: American. Born: Sarah Jane Fulks in St. Joseph, Missouri, 4 January 1914. Education: Attended Los Angeles High School; University of Missouri, Columbia, 1935. Family: Married 1) Myron Futterman, 1937 (divorced 1939); 2) the actor Ronald Reagan, 1940 (divorced 1948), daughter: Maureen, adopted son: Michael; 3) Freddie Karger, 1952 (divorced 1955); 4) Freddie Karger, 1963 (divorced 1965). Career: 1932—film debut (as Sarah Jane Fulks) in The Kid from Spain; had a few small parts in other films, then enrolled at the University of Missouri; radio singer (as Jane Durrell); 1936–49—contract with Warner Brothers; 1955–58—host and actress on TV series The Jane Wyman Theater; 1981–90—starring role in TV series Falcon Crest. Awards: Best Actress Academy Award, for Johnny Belinda, 1948. Address: 3970 Overland Avenue, Culver City, CA 90230, U.S.A.

Films as Actress:


(as Sarah Jane Fulks)

1932

The Kid from Spain (McCarey) (as a Goldwyn Girl)

1933

Elmer the Great (LeRoy) (bit role)

1934

College Rhythm (Taurog) (bit role)

1935

Rumba (Gering) (as chorus girl); All the King's Horses (Tuttle) (bit role); Stolen Harmony (Werker) (bit role as girl)

1936

King of Burlesque (Lanfield) (bit role as girl); Anything Goes (Tops Is the Limit) (Milestone) (bit role); My Man Godfrey (La Cava) (as party-goer)

(as Jane Wyman)

1936

Stage Struck (Berkeley) (as Bessie Fuffnick); Cain and Mabel (Lloyd Bacon) (bit role); Polo Joe (McGann) (as polo spectator); Smart Blonde (McDonald) (as Dixie)

1937

"Love and War" production number of Gold Diggers of 1937 (Lloyd Bacon) (as chorus girl); Ready, Willing and Able (Enright) (as Dot); The King and the Chorus Girl (LeRoy) (as Babette); Slim (Enright) (as Stumpy's girl friend); The Singing Marine (Enright) (as Joan); Mr. Dodd Takes the Air (Alfred E. Green) (as Marjorie Day); Public Wedding (Grinde) (as Flip Lane)

1938

The Spy Ring (Joseph H. Lewis) (as Elaine Burdette); Fools for Scandal (LeRoy) (bit role); He Couldn't Say No (Seiler); Wide Open Faces (Neumann) (as Betty Martin); The Crowd Roars (Thorpe) (as Vivian); Brother Rat (Keighley) (as Claire Adams)

1939

Tail Spin (Del Ruth) (as Alabama); Private Detective (Noel Smith) (as Myrna Winslow); The Kid from Kokomo (Seiler) (as Miss Bronson); Torchy Plays with Dynamite (Noel Smith) (as Torchy Blane); Kid Nightingale (Amy) (as Judy Craig)

1940

Brother Rat and a Baby (Enright) (as Claire Ramm); An Angel from Texas (Enright) (as Marge Allen); Flight Angels (Seiler) (as Nan Hudson); My Love Came Back (Bernhardt) (as Joy O'Keefe); Tugboat Annie Sails Again (Seiler) (as Peggy Armstrong); Gambling on the High Seas (Amy) (as Laurie Ogden)

1941

Honeymoon for Three (Lloyd Bacon) (as Elizabeth Clochessy); Bad Men of Missouri (Enright) (as Mary Hathaway); You're in the Army Now (Seiler) (as Bliss Dobson); The Body Disappears (Lederman) (as Lynn Shotesbury)

1942

Larceny, Inc. (Lloyd Bacon) (as Denny Costello); My Favorite Spy (Garnett) (as Connie); Footlight Serenade (Ratoff) (as Flo La Verne)

1943

Princess O'Rourke (Krasna) (as Jean)

1944

Make Your Own Bed (Godfrey) (as Susan Courtney); Crime by Night (Clemens) (as Robbie Vance); The Doughgirls (Kern) (as Vivian); Hollywood Canteen (Daves) (as herself)

1945

The Lost Weekend (Wilder) (as Helen St. James)

1946

One More Tomorrow (Godfrey) (as Fran Connors); Night and Day (Curtiz) (as Gracie Harris); The Yearling (Brown) (as Ma Baxter)

1947

Cheyenne (Walsh) (as Ann Kincaid); Magic Town (Wellman) (as Mary Peterman)

1948

Johnny Belinda (Negulesco) (as Belinda McDonald)

1949

A Kiss in the Dark (Daves) (as Polly Haines); The Lady Takes a Sailor (Curtiz) (as Jennifer Smith); It's a Great Feeling (David Butler) (as herself)

1950

Stage Fright (Hitchcock) (as Eve Gill); The Glass Menagerie (Rapper) (as Laura Wingfield)

1951

Three Guys Named Mike (Walters) (as Marcy Lewis); Here Comes the Groom (Capra) (as Emmadel Jones); The Blue Veil (Bernhardt) (as Louise Mason); Starlift (Del Ruth) (as herself)

1952

The Story of Will Rogers (Curtiz) (as Betty Rogers); Just for You (Nugent) (as Carolina Hill)

1953

Let's Do It Again (Hall) (as Constance Stuart); So Big (Wise) (as Selina Dejong)

1954

Magnificent Obsession (Sirk) (as Helen Phillips)

1955

Lucy Gallant (Parrish) (title role); All that Heaven Allows (Sirk) (as Cary Scott)

1956

Miracle in the Rain (Maté) (as Ruth Wood)

1959

Holiday for Lovers (Levin) (as Mary Dean)

1960

Pollyanna (Swift) (as Aunt Polly)

1962

Bon Voyage! (Neilson) (as Katie Willard)

1969

How to Commit Marriage (Lilley) (as Elaine Benson)

1971

The Failing of Raymond (Sagal—for TV) (as Mary Bloomquist)

1978

The Outlanders (Green)

1979

The Incredible Journey of Dr. Meg Laurel (Guy Green—for TV) (as Granny Arrowroot)

1981–90

Falcon Crest (Arner and Badiyi—series for TV) (as Angela Channing)

1996

Wild Bill: Hollywood Maverick (Robinson—doc for TV) (as herself)

Publications


On WYMAN: books—

Parish, James Robert, and Don E. Stanke, The Forties Gals, Westport, Connecticut, 1980.

Morella, Joe, and Edward Z. Epstein, Jane Wyman, New York, 1985.

Quirk, Lawrence J., Jane Wyman: The Actress and the Woman, New York, 1986.


On WYMAN: articles—

Current Biography 1949, New York, 1949.

Bawden, J., "Jane Wyman: American Star Par Excellence," in Films in Review (New York), April 1975.

Briggs, C., "Jane Wyman," in Hollywood: Then and Now, vol. 23, no. 11, 1990.


* * *

Decades before she was to become the star of the prime-time television soap opera Falcon Crest, Jane Wyman was just another "cute" Hollywood blond with a turned-up nose who populated dozens of B films, usually playing a wisecracking friend of the star or a gold-digging chorus girl. Wyman provided some light, enjoyable moments in a wide variety of 1930s comedies such as Brother Rat and The Kid from Kokomo. As the war years dawned, she began to get increasingly better parts, mostly in Warner Brothers features such as Larceny, Inc. and The Doughgirls.

In 1945 Wyman's career changed sharply for the better when she began to dye her hair brown and appeared in several well-received straight dramatic roles. Beginning with the critically acclaimed The Lost Weekend, Wyman showed a dramatic depth to her acting which the public had not seen. During the late 1940s and early 1950s she received several Academy Award nominations and received an Oscar for Best Actress for her touching performance as the deaf-mute heroine of Johnny Belinda.

Wisely varying her genres once she attained major stardom, Wyman often highlighted a chin-quivering vulnerability while playing down the verve she displayed as the longest-running starlet in B-movie history. Despite being outclassed in terms of theatrical training and despite being too old for the tricky role, her halting Laura is the most memorable performance in The Glass Menagerie. Although she radiates movie-star assuredness in all her 1950s soap operas (So Big, Lucy Gallant, Magnificent Obsession) she is most incandescent in All that Heaven Allows, the most caustic slap at suburban America's snobbism and agism that has ever slipped past a major studio head's attention span. If she had sobbed at the victim well once too often by the time she experienced her Miracle in the Rain, she also brought new meaning to the word "vivacious" in some minor musicals (Just for You, Here Comes the Groom, Let's Do It Again) that should have made MGM sit up and take notice.

Although her screen appearances grew sparse, particularly after the rise and fall of her heralded television anthology, The Jane Wyman Show, she always could be counted on to enliven the proceedings even in vanilla-flavored Disney ventures. Still, none of her joie de vivre prepared Wyman groupies for her steely stint in Falcon Crest, in which she huffed and puffed hammily, reportedly ran the set with an iron glove borrowed from the character she played, and locked horns with such formidable guest-starring divas as Kim Novak, Gina Lollobrigida, and Lana Turner. If her Angela Channing, the Wicked Witch of the Wine Country, cannot be considered fine acting on a par with her most masterful big-screen legacy, The Yearling, it is just as unforgettable in its own shameless, scenery-chewing way. Popping up infrequently since her vintage soap series was canceled, Wyman can regard her kaleidoscopic career as a testament to the resilience, clear-sightedness, and good humor her fans have always responded to, whether Wyman happened to be casting herself as fluffy contract player, song-and-dance gal, drama doyenne, or television matriarch from Hell.

—Patricia King Hanson, updated by Robert Pardi

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Wyman, Jane 1917-2007 (Sarah Jane Fulks, Sarah Jane Mayfield)

Wyman, Jane 1917-2007 (Sarah Jane Fulks, Sarah Jane Mayfield)

PERSONAL

Original name, Sarah Jane Mayfield; born January 5, 1917, in St. Joseph, MO; died of natural causes, September 10, 2007, in Rancho Mirage, CA. Actress. With a career spanning six decades, 86 films and more than 350 television appearances, Wyman was an award-winning film and television actress also known for being the first wife of President Ronald Reagan. Wyman's parents, Manning Mayfield and Gladys Christian, divorced when she was four; her father died of pneumonia the next year. Her mother subsequently moved to Cleveland, Ohio, and Wyman was placed in the care of her neighbors Richard and Emma Fulks and took their surname as her own. Upon the death of Richard Fulks, Emma Fulks and Wyman moved to Los Angeles. They returned to Missouri in 1930, but Wyman moved back to Hollywood in 1932 determined to make a career in show business. She began working as a chorus girl, eventually being cast as a dancer in The Kid from Spain, which starred Eddie Cantor and included Paulette Goddard and Betty Grable in the chorus line. Wyman married Ernest Eugene Wyman in 1933, claiming on the marriage certificate that she was nineteen instead of her actual age of sixteen. The marriage lasted only two years, but in 1936, when she landed a contract position with Warner Brothers Studios, she dropped her first name and kept her married surname, taking as her professional name Jane Wyman. After a number of years of bit parts and B-comedies, Wyman became known as a serious actress and was offered increasingly better parts. Her breakthrough role was that of the patient girlfriend of an alcoholic in the 1945 Billy Wilder dramatic film The Lost Weekend. In 1946 Wyman was nominated for her first Academy Award as best actress for her portrayal of the backwoods mother Orry Baxter in The Yearling, also starring Gregory Peck. Wyman won the Academy Award in 1948 for her sensitive rendering of a deaf-mute rape victim in Johnny Belinda. In 1952 Wyman was again nominated for a best actress Oscar for The Blue Veil with Natalie Wood and Charles Laughton and again in 1954 for Magnificent Obsession with Rock Hudson. When Wyman met Ronald Reagan in 1938, they were both rising stars in Hollywood, and she was in the process of divorcing her second husband. Wyman and Reagan's wedding in 1940 was widely covered in the media. Wyman and Reagan had one daughter, adopted a son, and lost another daughter in infancy before divorcing in 1948. Wyman made a transition from film to television, and from 1955 through 1958 she was the host of Fireside Theater, which became The Jane Wyman Theater, a weekly drama series that featured a film—usually starring Wyman. Her last film, How to Commit to Marriage, in which she starred with Bob Hope, appeared in 1969. In 1981 Wyman took a role that would earn her worldwide audiences once again, that of the fiercely controlling matriarch Angela Channing on the night-time television drama Falcon Crest. Wyman left Falcon Crest after nine seasons but continued to make guest television appearances, including playing the role of Jane Seymour's mother in Doctor Quinn, Medicine Woman. in the 1990s.

PERIODICALS

New York Times, September 11, 2007.

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"Wyman, Jane 1917-2007 (Sarah Jane Fulks, Sarah Jane Mayfield)." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/wyman-jane-1917-2007-sarah-jane-fulks-sarah-jane-mayfield

"Wyman, Jane 1917-2007 (Sarah Jane Fulks, Sarah Jane Mayfield)." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/wyman-jane-1917-2007-sarah-jane-fulks-sarah-jane-mayfield