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Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of

Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of (1607–51). Derby was lord-lieutenant of Lancashire, lord of the Isle of Man, an enormously wealthy landowner, and a leading royalist peer during the civil wars. In 1642 he raised over 6,000 men in the county for the king. Despite his energetic efforts, however, his army was broken, he quarrelled with his subordinates, and by June 1643 was driven out of his county. He spent most of the next seven years on the Isle of Man, a royalist stronghold, emerging in 1644 to fight at Marston Moor. His seat at Lathom House was defended against parliamentary siege by his French wife. In 1650 he declared for Charles II and brought a small contingent to the mainland, but was defeated at Wigan Lane (25 August 1651). Having failed to raise Lancashire and Cheshire, he fought at Worcester (September 1651), was captured, tried by court martial, and condemned to death. He was beheaded at Bolton, a town which he had stormed and sacked in 1644, killing 1,600 civilians. An indifferent military commander, Derby was heavy-handed and conceited. But he acquitted himself courageously on the scaffold, where he was compelled to wait several hours before being executed.

Ian Gentles

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"Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/derby-james-stanley-7th-earl

"Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/derby-james-stanley-7th-earl

Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of

James Stanley Derby, 7th earl of (där´bē), 1607–51, English nobleman. He sat in the House of Commons (1625–28), took his seat in the House of Lords as Baron Strange (succeeding his father as earl of Derby in 1642), and was made lord lieutenant of Wales. He did not take an active part in the Long Parliament, but once civil war became imminent he moved to secure Lancashire for the royalists. His plan, although sound at the time, was rejected by King Charles I, and later royalist attempts to capture northern towns were largely unsuccessful. He was impeached (1642) for high treason and fled (1643) to the Isle of Man. He joined Prince Rupert in invading Lancashire in 1644, but after the defeat of the royalists at Marston Moor he returned to Man, where he harbored royalist fugitives. After refusing (1649) to come to terms with Parliament, he fought for Charles II in the battle of Worcester, was captured, court-martialed, and executed.

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"Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/derby-james-stanley-7th-earl

"Derby, James Stanley, 7th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/derby-james-stanley-7th-earl