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Busaco, battle of

Busaco, battle of, 1810. After making peace with Austria by the treaty of Schönbrunn, Napoleon resolved to drive the English out of Spain and Portugal. Masséna was dispatched with a large force while Wellington prepared his defensive line at Torres Vedras. On 27 September 1810 Masséna, with considerable numerical superiority, launched an attack at Busaco, 125 miles north-east of Lisbon, but failed to make progress and took heavy losses. Wellington retired to Torres Vedras, from which he counter-attacked the following year.

J. A. Cannon

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