Skip to main content
Select Source:

Torres Vedras

Torres Vedras. The lines of Torres Vedras were a system of defensive fortifications constructed by Wellington's engineers in 1809, and were situated 40 miles north of Lisbon to protect the city from French attack during the Peninsular War. They consisted of a series of forts and gun emplacements in three lines stretching some 30 miles from the river Tagus to the sea. Wellington fell back on the lines in October 1810 and held Masséna's French army at bay. In November Masséna was forced to retire to Spain with his army in poor condition.

Richard A. Smith

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Torres Vedras." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Torres Vedras." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras

"Torres Vedras." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras

Tôrres Vedras

Tôrres Vedras (tō´rəsh vā´drəsh), town (1991 pop. 13,300), Lisboa dist., W central Portugal, in Estremadura. Located in an agricultural center, it produces wine and minor manufactures. The town was captured from the Moors by Alfonso I soon after he took Lisbon (1147) but was reconquered by the Almohads briefly in 1189. Tôrres Vedras was an important fortress and royal residence throughout the Middle Ages and was an important strategic point in the Peninsular War (1810).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Tôrres Vedras." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Tôrres Vedras." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras

"Tôrres Vedras." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras