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Prize

522. Prize

  1. Achsah Calebs daughter; promised in marriage to conqueror of Debir. [O.T.: Joshua 15:1619; Judges 1:1215]
  2. blue ribbon denotes highest honor. [Western Folklore: Brewer Dictionary, 127]
  3. Bollingen annual prize for highest achievement in American poetry. [Am. Lit.: Hart, 88]
  4. Emmy awarded annually for best achievements in television programing and performance. [TV: Misc.]
  5. Enrico Fermi Award given for exceptional and altogether outstanding achievement in atomic energy. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
  6. Eva to marry winner of singing contest. [Ger. Opera: Wagner, Meistersinger, Westerman, 225228]
  7. gold medal traditional first prize. [Western Cult: Misc.]
  8. Goncourt annual award for best French fiction. [Fr. Lit.: NCE, 1106]
  9. Grammy awarded by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences for the best in the recording field. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
  10. Guggenheim annual fellowships for creative work. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 337]
  11. Heisman Trophy awarded to the outstanding college football player of the year by New York Athletic Club. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
  12. laurel wreath ancient award for victory. [Western Cult.: Brewer Dictionary ]
  13. Medal of Freedom highest award given a U.S. citizen; established 1963. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
  14. National Book Award given by the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters to outstanding works. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
  15. Newbery-Caldecott Medal awarded by the American Library Association for outstanding childrens books. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
  16. Nobel monetary awards for outstanding contributions benefiting mankind. [World. Hist.: Wheeler, 718]
  17. Oscar gold statuette awarded to film actors, directors, writers, technicians, etc. [Am. Cinema: Brewer Dictionary, 788]
  18. Pulitzer awards made in letters, music, and journalism. [Am. Hist.: Wheeler, 824]
  19. Silken Threads the three great prizes of honor in Lilliput. [Br. Lit.: Gullivers Travels ]
  20. Tony (Antoinette Perry Award) presented annually for outstanding work in the Broadway theater. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]

Prodigality (See DISSIPATION .)

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"Prize." Allusions--Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Prize." Allusions--Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/prize

"Prize." Allusions--Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/prize

prize

prize, in maritime law, the private property of an enemy that a belligerent captures at sea. For the capture of the vessel or cargo to be lawful it must be made outside neutral waters and by authority of the belligerent. A prize court, in the territory of the belligerent or in that of an allied power, must adjudicate that the property belonged to an enemy national. After the prize is captured, it is ordinarily placed in charge of a prize master and sent into port for judicial proceedings; however, if the enemy character of the ship is readily apparent, it may be destroyed at sea (after passengers, crew, and ship's papers have been removed), with the captor's government being liable for the losses of neutrals. If the prize is sold before being adjudicated, the proceeds must be delivered to the court for distribution. In the case of condemnation, the entire proceeds go to the belligerent government. In the United States, since 1899, the crew of the vessel effecting capture has had no right to share in the profits of the sale. A prize court renders a decision on the basis of the ship's papers, the testimony of those on board, and other relevant factors. If the ship is not condemned, it is released and damages are awarded where no justifiable reason for its capture has been shown. Prize law initially developed from the desire of governments to share in the profits made by ships engaged in privateering. The governments also wished to minimize diplomatic claims for damages by establishing regular procedures for disposing of captures. Although they nominally apply international law, prize courts (in the United States, the federal courts) in awarding judgment have been influenced, or even bound, by the national law. To avoid this, prize cases are sometimes referred to international tribunals. Efforts to establish an international prize court with appellate jurisdiction, however, have not succeeded.

See J. W. Garner, Prize Law during the World War (1927); C. J. Colombos, Treatise on the Law of Prize (3d ed. 1949).

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"prize." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"prize." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/prize

prize

prize1 / prīz/ • n. a thing given as a reward to the winner of a competition or race or in recognition of another outstanding achievement: the nation's most prestigious prize for contemporary art. ∎  a thing, esp. an amount of money or a valuable object, that can be won in a lottery or other game of chance: the grand prize in the drawing | [as adj.] prize money. ∎  something of great value that is worth struggling to achieve: the prize will be victory in the general election. ∎  chiefly hist. an enemy ship captured during the course of naval warfare. • adj. (esp. of something entered in a competition) having been or likely to be awarded a prize: prize onions a prize bull. ∎  denoting something for which a prize is awarded: a prize crossword. ∎  excellent of its kind; outstanding: a prize example of how well organic farming can function. ∎  complete; utter: you must think I'm a prize idiot. • v. [tr.] (often be prized) value extremely highly: the berries were prized for their healing properties| [as adj.] (prized) the bicycle was her most prized possession. prize2 (also prise) • v. another term for pry2 : prizing open the door he prized his left leg free.

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"prize." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"prize." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/prize-0

"prize." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/prize-0

Prize

PRIZE

Anything offered as a reward for a contest. It is distinguished from a bet or wager in that it is known before the event who is to give either the premium or the prize, and there is but one operation until the accomplishment of the act, thing, or purpose for which it is offered. In time of war, an enemy vessel or a ship captured at sea by a belligerent power.

The fair market value of a prize or award is generally includible in gross income. Certain exceptions are provided where the prize or award is made in recognition of religious, charitable, scientific, educational, artistic, literary, or civic achievement providing certain other requirements are met.

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"Prize." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Prize." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/prize

"Prize." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/prize

prize

prize1 † booty XIV; ship, etc. captured at sea XVI. — (O)F. prise capture (of a ship), booty, captured vessel or cargo:- Rom. *prē(n)sa, sb. use of fem. pp. of *prēndere :— L. præhendere seize; became identified finally with PRIZE3.

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"prize." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"prize." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/prize-1

prize

prize2 † estimate the value of; esteem highly. XIV. — OF. pris-, tonic stem of preisier PRAISE.

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prize

prize4 lever up. XVII. f. (dial.) prize (XIV) levering instrument — OF. prise grasp, seizure, PRIZE1.

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prize

prize3 reward for superiority in a contest. XVI. Differentiated sp. of pris(e), PRICE.

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prize

prizeadvise, apprise, apprize, arise, assize, capsize, chastise, comprise, demise, despise, devise, downsize, excise, flies, guise, incise, low-rise, misprize, outsize, previse, prise, prize, remise, revise, rise, size, surmise, surprise, uprise, wise •archaize • heroize • ghettoize •Judaize • bye-byes • disenfranchise •propagandize • periodize • iodize •merchandise • melodize •gourmandize • methodize •anthropomorphize • apostrophize •elegize • analogize • syllogize •anthologize, mythologize, psychologize, tautologize, theologize •hierarchize

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