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Mehta, Zubin

Zubin Mehta

Conductor, music director

For the Record

Selected discography

Sources

Zubin Mehta is part of a group of conductorsone that includes Lorin Maazel, Seiji Ozawa, Claudio Abbado, André Previn, and Daniel Barenboimthat succeeded older luminaries such as George Szell, Leonard Bernstein, Georg Solti, and Eugene Ormandy in carrying on the American orchestral tradition while infusing it with freshness and vitality. At a time when ticket sales and subscriptions are down, conductors who can woo audiencesand win admiration from orchestra boardsare as sought after as major league pitchers; Mehtas name appears on nearly every short list made when a new conductor search is launched.

Mehta was born in 1936 in Bombay, India. His father was a violinist and founder of the Bombay Symphony. He attended college with the intention of becoming a doctor, but his plans, perhaps in an instance of predestination, changed; he was quoted as saying in the New York Times, My father used to train every section of his orchestra at home, and so I grew up with the orchestra as an instrument. I didnt have perfect pitch. I preferred playing cricket to practicing the piano. But by the time I was 18, I knew that I had to take up music.

In 1954, Mehta went to Vienna to study at the world-renowned Academy of Music. He took conducting instruction from Hans Swarowsky, a pupil of the composer Richard Strauss, and lessons on double bass from Otto Rühm. Mehta also studied conducting in the late 1950s at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena, Italy, first with Carlo Zecchi and later with Alceo Galliera.

He won first place in the Liverpool International Conductors Competition in England in 1958; this brought him a one-year assistant conducting position there. By 1961, he had become music director of the Montreal Symphony in Canada, and in 1962, he took on a concurrent appointment with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra. Mehta turned both ensembles into first-class symphonies, raising ticket sales and visibility.

In 1978, Mehta began an engagement with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, considered by many the best ensemble of its kind in North America. When he took over the Philharmonic, critics and audiences were thrilled that a dynamic conductor known for his interpretations of late Romantic works would replace the ascetic, hyper-modern Pierre Boulez. Under Mehtas spell, wrote Hubert Saal in Newsweek, the Philharmonic has been born again.

Nonetheless, within two seasons critics began to carptestimony, perhaps, to the notoriously fickle nature of symphony audiences and criticsand in 1985, Peter G. Davis remarked in New York magazine: Does anyone care anymore? Mehta has few champions in the

For the Record

Born April 29, 1936, in Bombay, India; son of Mehli Nowrowji (a violinist and conductor) and Tehmina Duruvala Mehta; married Carmen Lasky (divorced); married Nancy Kovack, 1969; children: (first marriage) Merwan (son), Zarina (daughter). Education: Attended St. Xaviers College, Bombay; Vienna Academy of Music, beginning in 1954; and Accademia Chigiana, Siena, Italy, late 1950s.

Held conductor posts in Yugoslavia, Belgium, and England, 1950s; music director, Montreal Symphony Orchestra, 1961-67, Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, 1962-78, New York Philharmonic Orchestra, 1978-90, and Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, 1969appointed director for life, 1981; appeared as conductor at festivals of Spoleto, Vienna, Prague, Los Angeles, and Salzburg; made regular guest appearances with Vienna and Berlin Philharmonic Orchestras; appeared as conductor with Montreal, Metropolitan, and Covent Garden opera companies. Conducted tenors José Carerras, Placido Domingo, and Luciano Pavarotti in World Cup performance, Los Angeles, 1994.

Awards: First place, Liverpool International Conductors Competition, 1958; recipient of Padma Bhushan (India), Medaille dOr Vermeil (Paris), and Commandre des Arts et des Lettres (France); honorary degrees from Tel Aviv University, Weizmann Institute of Science, Princeton University, Westminster Choir College, Hebrew University, Jewish Theological Seminary, Brooklyn College, and Colgate University.

Addresses: Office Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, P.O. Box 11292, 1 Huberman St., 61112 Tel Aviv, Israel.

music press, and even his most vocal detractors, at one time a boisterous crew, have not had much to say recently.... Whatever controversy remains is carried on in a gray, listless fashion that reflects the kind of unimaginative programs and uneventful music-making heard too frequently these days in Avery Fisher Hall. When Mehtas second term with the Philharmonic expired in 1990, it was not renewed, and he was replaced by the German conductor Kurt Masur.

Mehta has weathered the rough tide of critical acclaim and rebuff with aplomb, always maintaining his good humor and professionalism. He is generally admired for his conducting technique, which is clear, precise, and without flamboyance, and for his deft handling of the often thorny politics of symphony orchestrasespecially the demands of managers and board members. He is so beloved by the Israel Philharmonic, of which he has been music director since 1969, that he was appointed director for life in 1981.

The maestro lives in Israel with his second wife, Nancy Kovack, whom he married in 1969. He has two children from his first marriagea son, Merwan, and a daughter, Zarina. He has won awards and citations from around the world, including numerous honorary degrees and the prestigious Commandre des Arts et des Lettres from the French government.

Selected discography

(Israel Philharmonic Orchestra) Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra; Miraculous Mandarin Suite, Sony Classical, 1990.

(Israel Philharmonic Orchestra; with pianist Radu Lupu) Beethoven: Concerto No. 1 in C Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 15; Concerto No. 2 in B-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 19, London, 1990.

(Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, with pianist Vladimir Ashkenazy) Beethoven: Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73, London, 1985.

(New York Philharmonic Orchestra, with New York Choral Artists) Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 in D Minor, Op. 125, RCA, 1990.

(New York Philharmonic Orchestra) Mahler: Symphony No. 1 in D Major, CBS, 1983.

(New York Philharmonic Orchestra) Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; final scene of Salome, CBS, 1989.

(New York Philharmonic Orchestra) Stravinsky: Petrouchka (complete ballet), CBS, 1980.

Verdi: La Traviata, Philips, 1993.

Sources

Books

Bookspan, Martin, and Ross Yockey, Zubin: The Zubin Mehta Story, Harper & Row, 1978.

Periodicals

Los Angeles Times, February 5, 1991.

New York, January 14, 1985; June 10, 1991.

New York Times, November 19, 1978.

Newsweek, December 18, 1978.

Joyce Harrison

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Zubin Mehta

Zubin Mehta

A native of India, Zubin Mehta (born 1936) was the conductor and director of both the New York and the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestras. He made his Metropolitan Opera debut on December 29, 1965, with a highly acclaimed performance of Aida.

"Born to the baton" aptly describes the extraordinary career of Zubin Mehta. Maestro Mehta has served as music director of the New York Philharmonic, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Montreal Symphony, and the Israel Philharmonic, to name a few.

Born April 29, 1936 in Bombay, India, Zubin Mehta grew up in a home filled with music. His father was a co-founder of the Bombay Symphony, and the young Mehta heard chamber music and Beethoven quartets before he heard a symphony. He learned to sing what he heard before he could read music. At the age of sixteen, Mehta began conducting concerto accompaniments, leading the orchestra when his father was away on concert tours. At eighteen, Mehta abandoned his medical studies to pursue a career in music at the Academy of Music in Vienna. "I always had the intention of becoming a conductor, not just because I wanted to wave a stick, but because orchestral music appeals to me most," he said.

By the time he was twenty-five, Mehta had conducted both the Vienna and the Berlin Philharmonics and was the music director of the Montreal Symphony. In 1962, at age twenty-six, he became the youngest conductor of a major American orchestra when the Los Angeles Philharmonic appointed him music director. In 1978, he accepted the music directorship of the New York Philharmonic. Mehta's powerful stage presence translates into a strong, provocative management style. "In Los Angeles [as compared to New York] I'm the absolute boss. It's my orchestra," he said.

During Mehta's thirteen-year tenure with the New York Philharmonic, he conducted more that one thousand concerts, and he held the post of music director longer than anyone else in the orchestra's modern history. However, his relationship with the orchestra was a stormy one.

An intriguing question is the role that being Indian has played in the success of his career. "Mehta's career in this internationally minded age has possibly profited from the exotic value attached to being the only India-born conductor to attain prominence," speculated Albert Goldberg, music critic of the Los Angeles Times. "But [Mehta] does not trade on such externals….His musical abilities alone have been sufficient," concluded Goldberg. "Zubin has one of the best techniques around," agreed Los Angeles Philharmonic tympanist William Kraft. "Even the way he holds the baton makes it easier for the orchestra to follow him." In addition to his unquestioned talent, audiences respond to Mehta's impassioned, almost spiritual, performances and to his personal magnetism. Mehta, whose name means "powerful sword," understands the importance of showmanship on stage.

Mehta retains strong ties to his native country and still retains his Indian citizenship. He has taken the New York Philharmonic to Bombay, and when the Festival of India came to the United States, its gala opening on September 11, 1985, was led by Mehta conducting the New York Philharmonic. Mehta's religious roots are also quite deep. He belongs to the Zoroastrian religion, a group commonly known in India as "Parsis" because they emigrated from Persia in the sixth through eighth centuries. There are currently about ninety thousand Zoroastrians in India, twenty-five thousand in Iran, and fifteen thousand in Pakistan. Mehta has participated in a feature-length docudrama entitled A Quest for Zarathustraon the life of Zoroaster and his religion. "It is based on my quest for knowledge of my religion," explained Mehta to John Rockwell of the New York Times.

His religious background and his membership in a minority community contribute to Mehta's strong identification with the state of Israel. "We are the Jews of India, the Persians who didn't mix," explained Mehta to Rockwell. "We enjoy the same minority complexes as the Israelis except we were not persecuted." In 1969 the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra appointed Mehta its music adviser, in 1977 its music director, and in 1981 its music director for life. Altogether he has conducted more than fifteen hundred concerts with the Israel Philharmonic.

Mehta had a mentor in his father, and he clearly has an extraordinary talent, but he also credits his success to taking opportunities when they were offered. "I made half my career by jumping in for others at the last moment. I sometimes think my success was due almost entirely to the misfortunes of my elderly colleagues," he told Goldberg.

Numerous honors have been bestowed on Mehta, including the Nikisch Ring, the Vienna Philharmonic Ring of Honor, and the Hans von Bulow medal bestowed by the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. Mehta has been awarded the Padma Bhushan (Order of the Lotus) by the Republic of India, has received the Defender of Jerusalem Award, and is an honorary citizen of the city of Tel Aviv. He is also the only non-Israeli ever to receive the Israel Prize.

Mehta looks forward to continuing his participation on the international music scene. On June 20, 1994, from the burned out shell of the National Library in Sarajevo, Mehta conducted Sarajevo's orchestra and chorus in a benefit that was broadcast around the globe. In August 1994, he conducted a concert at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles at the close of the World Cup Soccer Tournament, a concert that brought together a trio of popular tenors Jose Carreras, Placido Domingo, and Luciano Pavarotti. He is a leader in the classical music world, staging events to bring performance of great musical works to the largest possible audience.

Further Reading

Bookspan, Martin, and Ross Yockey, Zubin: The Zubin Mehta Story, Harper & Row, 1978. □

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Mehta, Zubin

Zubin Mehta (zōō´bĬn mā´tə), 1936–, Indian conductor. Son of the violinist Mehli Mehta, founder and conductor of the Bombay Symphony Orchestra, Mehta studied medicine for two years before continuing the family's musical tradition. After two years of study at the Vienna Music Academy, he won first prize at the International Conducting Competition in Liverpool, England, in 1958. Master of a flamboyant style, Mehta specializes in late romantic and early modern symphonic repertoire and in opera. He has served as director of the Montreal Symphony (1961–67), the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra (1962–78), the New York Philharmonic (1978–91), and the Israel Philharmonic (1977–).

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"Mehta, Zubin." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Mehta, Zubin

Mehta, Zubin (b Bombay, 1936). Indian conductor, violinist, and pianist. Son of Mehli Mehta (b Bombay, 1908), founder of Bombay SO and at one time violinist in Hallé Orch. before settling in USA. Won first prize, Liverpool int. cond. comp. 1958, this leading to guest engagements throughout world. Amer. début 1960 (Philadelphia Orch.). Mus. dir.: Montreal SO 1961–7; Los Angeles PO 1962–77; NYPO 1978–91; Israel PO from 1977; Bavarian State Opera from 1998. Opera début Montreal 1964. Salzburg Fest. 1962; NY Met 1965; CG 1977.

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"Mehta, Zubin." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Mehta, Zubin." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved May 25, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mehta-zubin

Mehta, Zubin

Mehta, Zubin (1936– ) Indian conductor. A flamboyant figure, Mehta was music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra (1961–77), the New York Philharmonic (1978–91), and the Israel Philharmonic (1977– ).

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