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Raimi, Sam 1959–

RAIMI, Sam 1959–

(Celia Abrams; Sam M. Raimi; R. O. C. Sandstorm; Alan Smithee, Jr.)

PERSONAL

Surname is pronounced ray–mee; full name, Samuel Marshall Raimi; born October 23, 1959, in Royal Oak (some sources cite Franklin), MI; son of Leonard Ronald (a merchant) and Celia Barbara (a merchant; maiden name, Abrams) Raimi; brother of Ivan Raimi (a screenwriter, actor, and doctor) and Ted Raimi (an actor); married Gillian Greene, c. 1992; children: Lorne, Henry. Education: Studied English at Michigan State University, 1977–79. Politics: Independent. Religion: Judaism. Avocational Interests: Comic books, the Three Stooges.

Addresses: Office—Renaissance Motion Pictures, 195 West Nine Mile Rd., Ferndale, MI 48220. Agent— Creative Artists Agency, 9830 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills, CA 90212.

Career: Director, producer, screenwriter, and actor. Renaissance Motion Pictures, Ferndale, MI, cofounder, 1979, vice president, 1979—.

Member: Michigan State University Society for Creative Filmmaking (founder; president, 1978–79), California Rare Fruit Growers.

Awards, Honors: Knokke'heist Film Festival (Belgium), best horror film, Sitges Film Festival Awards (Spain), best horror film and best special effects, and Prize of the International Critics' Jury, Catalonian International Film Festival, all 1982, first prize of critics and first prize of public, Paris Festival of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror, and award for best horror film of the year, Fangoria magazine, both 1983, all for The Evil Dead; best director award, 1986, for Crimewave; International Fantasy Film Award nomination, Fantasporto, best film, 1988, for Evil Dead II; Catalonian International Film Festival Award, best director, 1990, for Darkman; Time–Machine Honorary Award, Catalonian International Film Festival, 1992; Critics' Award, Fantasporto, International Fantasy Film Award nomination, Fantasporto, best film, Golden Raven, Brussels International Festival of Fantasy Film, and Grand Prize nomination, Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival, all 1993, for Army of Darkness; Special Jury Prize, Cognac Festival du Film Policier, 1999, for A Simple Plan; Beatrice Wood Film Award, 1999; George Pal Memorial Award, Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, 2001; Saturn Award nomination, Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, 2003, for Spider–Man.

CREDITS

Film Director:

It's Murder, 1977.

Clockwork, 1978.

Within the Woods (short film), 1978.

(As Sam M. Raimi) The Evil Dead (also known as Book of the Dead, The Evil Dead: The Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror, Into the Woods, and Sam Raimi's The Evil Dead), New Line Cinema, 1983.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Crimewave (also known as Broken Hearts and Noses and The XYZ Murders), Embassy, 1985.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead Two: Dead by Dawn and Evil Dead Two: The Sequel to the Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror), Rosebud Releasing, 1987.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Darkman, Universal, 1990.

Army of Darkness (also known as Army of Darkness: Evil Dead 3, Army of Darkness: The Medieval Dead, Army of Darkness, the Ultimate Experience in Medieval Horror, Bruce Campbell vs. Army of Darkness, Captain Supermarket, Evil Dead 3, and The Medieval Dead), Universal, 1993.

The Quick and the Dead, TriStar, 1995.

A Simple Plan (also known as Ein einfacher Plan and Un plan simple), Paramount, 1998.

For Love of the Game, Universal, 1999.

The Gift, Paramount, 2000.

Archive footage from The Evil Dead, Donnie Darko, Newmarket Films, 2001.

Spider–Man (also known as Spiderman and Spider–Man: The Motion Picture), Columbia/TriStar, 2002.

Spider–Man 2 (also known as The Amazing Spider–Man and Spiderman 2), Columbia/TriStar, 2004.

Other films include The Happy Valley Kid.

Film Executive Producer:

Within the Woods (short film), 1978.

(As Sam M. Raimi) The Evil Dead (also known as Book of the Dead, The Evil Dead: The Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror, Into the Woods, and Sam Raimi's The Evil Dead), New Line Cinema, 1983.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead Two: Dead by Dawn and Evil Dead Two: The Sequel to the Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror), Rosebud Releasing, 1987.

The Dead Next Door, Amsco/Suburban Tempe Company, 1988.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Easy Wheels, 1989.

Lunatics: A Love Story, 1991.

(With Robert Tapert and Moshe Diamant) Hard Target, Universal, 1993.

(With Tapert) Darkman II: The Return of Durant (also known as Durant Returns), Universal Home Video, 1995.

Hercules and Xena: The Animated Movie—The Battle for Mount Olympus (animated), Universal, 1997.

Archive footage from The Evil Dead, Donnie Darko, Newmarket Films, 2001.

The Grudge, Columbia, 2004.

30 Days of Night, Columbia, 2004.

Film Producer:

(With Robert Tapert and Moshe Diamant) Timecop, Universal, 1994.

The Grudge, Columbia, 2004.

30 Days of Night, Columbia, 2004.

Boogeyman, Screen Gems, 2005.

Film Work:

(Uncredited) Special effects technician, Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead Two: Dead by Dawn and Evil Dead Two: The Sequel to the Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror), Rosebud Releasing, 1987.

(As R. O. C. Sandstorm) Editor, Army of Darkness (also known as Army of Darkness: Evil Dead 3, Army of Darkness: The Medieval Dead, Army of Darkness, the Ultimate Experience in Medieval Horror, Bruce Campbell vs. Army of Darkness, Captain Supermarket, Evil Dead 3, and The Medieval Dead), Universal, 1993.

Second unit director, The Hudsucker Proxy (also known as Hudsucker—Der grosse Sprung), Warner Bros., 1994.

Film Appearances:

It's Murder!, 1977.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Fisherman on the side of the road and voice of the evil spirit, The Evil Dead (also known as Book of the Dead, The Evil Dead: The Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror, Into the Woods, and Sam Raimi's The Evil Dead), New Line Cinema, 1983.

Second cook, Hefty's, 1983.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Drive–in security, Spies Like Us, Warner Bros., 1985.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Cult leader, Thou Shalt Not Kill ... Except (also known as Stryker's War), Filmworld, 1987.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Knight, Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead Two: Dead by Dawn and Evil Dead Two: The Sequel to the Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror), Rosebud Releasing, 1987.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Parade reporter, Maniac Cop, Shapiro Glickenhaus, 1988.

(As Sam M. Raimi) Randy, Intruder, Phantom Productions, 1989.

Newscaster, Maniac Cop 2, Medusa Pictures, 1990.

Snickering gunman, Miller's Crossing, Twentieth Century–Fox, 1990.

Roma Meats man, Innocent Blood (also known as A French Vampire in America), Warner Bros., 1992.

(Uncredited) Knight in sweatshirt and sneakers, Army of Darkness (also known as Army of Darkness: Evil Dead 3, Army of Darkness: The Medieval Dead, Army of Darkness, the Ultimate Experience in Medieval Horror, Bruce Campbell vs. Army of Darkness, Captain Supermarket, Evil Dead 3, and The Medieval Dead), Universal, 1993.

Stick Coder, Indian Summer (also known as Algonquin, L'ete indien, and Tamakwa), Buena Vista, 1993.

Cliff lookalike, The Flintstones, Universal, 1994.

Hudsucker brainstormer, The Hudsucker Proxy (also known as Hudsucker—Der grosse Sprung), Warner Bros., 1994.

Nervous official, Galaxis (also known as Galactic Force, Star Crystal, and Terminal Force), 1995.

Television Executive Producer; Series:

M.A.N.T.I.S., Fox, 1994–1995.

American Gothic, CBS, 1995–1996.

Hercules: The Legendary Journeys (also known as The Legendary Journeys of Hercules), syndicated, 1995–1999.

Xena: Warrior Princess, syndicated, 1995–2001.

Spy Game (also known as Cloak and Dagger and Lorne and Max), ABC, 1997.

Young Hercules, Fox, 1998–1999.

Jack of All Trades, syndicated, 2000.

Cleopatra 2525, syndicated, 2000–2001.

Television Creator; Series:

(With Sam Hamm) M.A.N.T.I.S., Fox, 1994–1995.

Spy Game (also known as Cloak and Dagger and Lorne and Max), ABC, 1997.

Television Executive Producer; Movies:

Hercules and the Amazon Women, syndicated, 1994.

Hercules and the Circle of Fire, syndicated, 1994.

Hercules and the Lost Kingdom, syndicated, 1994.

Hercules in the Maze of the Minotaur, syndicated, 1994.

Hercules in the Underworld, syndicated, 1994.

(With Robert Tapert) Darkman III: Die Darkman Die, HBO, 1996.

Television Executive Producer; Pilots:

(And creator) M.A.N.T.I.S., Fox, 1994.

Young Hercules, Fox, 1998.

Amazon High, syndicated, c. 1999.

Television Appearances; Miniseries:

Bobby Terry, The Stand (also known as Stephen King's The Stand), ABC, 1994.

Gas station Howie, The Shining (also known as Stephen King's The Shining), ABC, 1997.

Television Appearances; Movies:

Collins, Journey to the Center of the Earth, NBC, 1993.

Dead Bill, "The Gas Station," Body Bags (also known as John Carpenter Presents "Body Bags," John Carpenter Presents "Mind Games," and Mind Games), Showtime, 1993.

Quicksilver Highway (also known as Chattery Teeth and The Body Politic), Fox, 1997.

Television Appearances; Specials:

Himself, What Is a Producer?, E! Entertainment Television, 2001.

Himself, Behind the Scenes: Spider–Man the Movie (also known as Behind the Ultimate Spin), 2002.

Himself, Spider–Mania, 2002.

Television Appearances; Episodic:

Himself, "Sam Raimi," The Incredibly Strange Film Show, 1988.

Himself, American Cinema (documentary), PBS, 1995.

Himself, Intimate Portrait: Kelly Preston (documentary), Lifetime, 1999.

Television Appearances; Pilots:

Mr. Ray, M.A.N.T.I.S., Fox, 1994.

RECORDINGS

Videos:

Himself, Flying Saucers over Hollywood: The Plan 9 Companion (also known as The Ed Wood Story: The Plan 9 Companion), 1992.

Himself, Night of the Living Dead: 25th Anniversary Edition, Tempe Video, 1993.

Himself, The Men behind the Army, Anchor Bay Entertainment, 1999.

Himself, The Making of "Evil Dead II" or The Gore the Merrier, Anchor Bay Entertainment, 2000.

Himself, The Gift: A Look Inside, 2001.

Video Games; Characters:

Evil Dead: Hail to the King (also known as Evil Dead IV), THQ Inc., 2000.

Evil Dead: A Fistful of Boomstick (also known as Evil Dead 2 and Evil Dead V), THQ Inc., 2003.

WRITINGS

Screenplays:

Within the Woods (short film), 1978.

(As Sam M. Raimi) The Evil Dead (also known as Book of the Dead, The Evil Dead: The Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror, Into the Woods, and Sam Raimi's The Evil Dead), New Line Cinema, 1983.

(As Sam M. Raimi; with Ethan Coen and Joel Coen) Crimewave (also known as Broken Hearts and Noses and The XYZ Murders), Embassy, 1985.

(As Sam M. Raimi; with Scott Spiegel) Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead Two: Dead by Dawn and Evil Dead Two: The Sequel to the Ultimate Experience in Grueling Horror), Rosebud Releasing, 1987.

(As Celia Abrams) Easy Wheels, 1989.

(As Sam M. Raimi; with Chuck Pfarrer, Ivan Raimi, Daniel Goldin, and Joshua Goldin; and story) Darkman, Universal, 1990.

(As Alan Smithee, Jr.) The Nutty Nut (also known as The Nutt House), 1992.

(With Ivan Raimi) Army of Darkness (also known as Army of Darkness: Evil Dead 3, Army of Darkness: The Medieval Dead, Army of Darkness, the Ultimate Experience in Medieval Horror, Bruce Campbell vs. Army of Darkness, Captain Supermarket, Evil Dead 3, and The Medieval Dead), Universal, 1993.

The Hudsucker Proxy (also known as Hudsucker—Der grosse Sprung), Warner Bros., 1994.

Darkman II: The Return of Durant (also known as Durant Returns), Universal Home Video, 1995.

Archive footage from The Evil Dead, Donnie Darko, Newmarket Films, 2001.

Spider–Man (based on the comic book characters; also known as Spiderman and Spider–Man: The Motion Picture), Columbia/TriStar, 2002.

Screenplays; Unproduced and Unpublished:

We Saps Three, 1984.

Women on Wheels, 1985.

Witches, 1986.

Teleplays; Pilots:

(And story) M.A.N.T.I.S., Fox, 1994.

ADAPTATIONS

Characters from Darkman have been adapted for comic books.

OTHER SOURCES

Periodicals:

Entertainment Weekly, September 17, 1999, pp. 44–46.

Film Comment, February, 1983.

People Weekly, May 2, 1983.

Premiere, August, 1990, p. 46.

Prevue, November, 1990, pp. 26–31, 57.

Starlog, September, 1990.

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"Raimi, Sam 1959–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Raimi, Sam 1959–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/raimi-sam-1959

"Raimi, Sam 1959–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/raimi-sam-1959

Raimi, Sam

RAIMI, Sam


Nationality: American. Born: 23 October 1959, Franklin, Michigan. Education: Studied English at Michigan State University, 1977–79. Family: Married Gillian Greene; children: Lorne, Henry, one daughter. Career: Worked as production assitant for industrial filmmaker Vern Nobles; directed television commercials in Detroit area; co-founder of Renaissance Pictures, 1979; executive producer of television series' Hercules: The Legendary Journeys, Xena: Warrior Princess, and American Gothic, 1995, Spy Game and Young Hercules, 1997, and others. Awards: Knokke'heist Film Festival (Belgium), best horror film, 1982, Sitges Film Festival (Spain), best horror film and best special effects, 1982, Paris Festival of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror, first prize of critics and first prize of public, 1983, and Fangoria magazine award for best horror film of the year, 1983, all for The Evil Dead; Catalonian International Film Festival (Spain), best director, for Darkman, 1990; Catalonian International Film Festival Time-Machine Honorary Award, 1992; Fantasporto Critics' Award, Brussels International Festival of Fantasy Film Golden Raven, for Army of Darkness, 1993; Cognac (France) Festival du Film Policier Special Jury Prize, for A Simple Plan, 1999. Agent: International Creative Management, 8942 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills, CA 90211–1934.



Films as Director:

1977

It's Murder!

1978

Clockwork; Within the Woods (+ sc)

1982

The Evil Dead (+ sc, pr, ro as Fisherman on side of road [uncredited])

1985

Crimewave (+ sc)

1987

Evil Dead II (+ sc, ro as Knight [uncredited])

1990

Darkman (+ sc)

1993

Army of Darkness (+ sc, ro as Knight in Sweatshirt and Sneakers [uncredited])

1995

The Quick and the Dead

1998

A Simple Plan

1999

For Love of the Game

2000

The Gift; Doomsday Man

2001

Spider-Man

Other Films:

1983

Hefty's (Premin) (ro as Cook Νm2)

1985

Spies like Us (Landis) (ro as Drive-In Security); Stryker's War (Becker) (ro as Cult Leader)

1988

The Dead Next Door (Bookwalter) (pr [uncredited]); ManiacCop (Lustig) (ro as Parade Reporter); Intruder (Spiegel) (ro as Randy)

1989

Easy Wheels (O'Malley) (sc [as Celia Abrams], pr)

1990

Maniac Cop 2 (Lustig) (ro as Newscaster); Miller's Crossing (Coen) (ro as Snickering Gunman)

1991

Lunatics: A Love Story (Becker) (pr)

1992

The Nutt House (Adam Rifkin) (sc [as Alan Smithee Jr.]); Flying Saucers over Hollywood: The Plan 9 Companion (Carducci) (ro as Himself/Interviewee); Innocent Blood (Landis) (ro as Roma Meats Man)

1993

Hard Target (Woo) (pr); Indian Summer (Binder) (ro as Stick Coder); Body Bags (Carpenter and Hooper-for TV) (ro as Dead Attendant); Journey to the Center of the Earth (for TV) (ro as Collins)

1994

The Hudsucker Proxy (Coen) (sc, ro as Hudsucker Brainstormer); Timecop (Hyams) (pr); Darkman II: TheReturn of Durant (May) (pr); The Flintstones (Levant) (ro as Cliff Look-a-Like)

1995

Galaxis (Mesa) (ro as Nervous Official)

1996

Darkman III: Darkman Must Die (May) (pr)

1997

The Shining (Garris-miniseries for TV) (ro as Gas Station Howie)

1998

Hercules and Xena—The Animated Movie: The Battle forMount Olympus (Naylor) (pr); Young Hercules (Scott) (pr)

1999

Intimate Portrait: Kelly Preston (Golde) (role as himself)



Publications


By RAIMI: book—


The Hudsucker Proxy, New York, 1994.


By RAIMI: article—

"Gun Slinging Sam" (interview), in Film Threat (Beverly Hills), no. 22, June 1995.

On RAIMI: articles—

Warren, Bill, "Darkman Director," in Starlog, no. 158, Septem-ber 1990.

Clark, J., "Some of Sam," in Premiere (Boulder), March 1995.

Hoxter, Julian, "The Evil Dead: From Splatstick to Slaptshtick," in Necronomicon: The Journal of Horror and Erotic Cinema, BookOne, edited by Andy Black, London, 1996.

Nashawaty, Chris, "Out of Left Field," in Entertainment Weekly, vol. 1, no. 503, 17 September 1999.


* * *

Director, writer, producer, and occasional actor Samuel Raimi was born the third of five children, and was raised in a large home in Franklin, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. His father, Leonard Raimi, a furniture and appliance store owner, staged and shot elaborate home movies, and Sam quickly became "fascinated by the fact that you could capture reality, however staged, with an 8mm camera, replay it, edit it, and make things happen in a different order than they did in real life."

When he was just eleven years old, the younger Raimi made his first film. At age thirteen, he bought his first 8mm camera, using money he had earned from raking leaves. The movies he made at this time ranged from slapstick comedies that resembled and were inspired by his beloved Three Stooges, to a huge "Civil War extravanganza using props and costumes with fifty extras." Sam and his older brother Ivan (with whom he would later co-write Darkman and Army of Darkness) were constantly experimenting with different camera techniques in order to get the strangest angles possible—a preoccupation evident in his films to this day. At the age of fifteen, Sam and his friend Bruce Campbell (who would go on to attain cult status as Ash in the Evil Dead trilogy) began attending classes taught by industrial filmmaker Vern Nobles. Nobles hired Sam as a production assistant, and after directing his own amateur films (as well as some commercials in the local Detroit area), Raimi enrolled at Michigan State University. There he met future business partner and aspiring producer Robert Tapert. Sam, Ivan, Tapert, and Campbell formed Renaissance Pictures, and after a few early efforts by Raimi (It's Murder!, Within the Woods, and Clockwork), they struck gold with The Evil Dead in 1982.

Stephen King called The Evil Dead, "the most ferociously original horror movie I have ever seen," and this unexpected compliment brought the picture instant credibility. Made on a budget of approximately $50,000, Raimi's backers were at first annoyed because the film appeared to be a comedy, when they thought they would be getting a horror movie. But it is precisely the director's trademark combination of gore and slapstick (otherwise known as "splatstick"), along with his innovative camerawork—particularly his use of demon point-of-view shots—which made the film a hit. The Evil Dead, an expanded version of Raimi's earlier short, Within the Woods (also starring Campbell), tells the story of five students who travel to a creepy cabin in the woods for a weekend break and are cut off from the outside world when a bridge collapses beneath them. In the basement of the cabin, the students find the Book of the Dead (bound in human skin) and a tape recorder. The tape's narrator warns of the evil dead, malevolent demons he has unwisely summoned. Sure enough, the evil dead show up, and all hell breaks loose. One of the female student goes outside and is raped by possessed vines, a scene which incurred the wrath of moralists in Britain, and led to the film being prosecuted under existing "video nasty" legislation. Although The Evil Dead's super low budget is unintentionally revealed at times, the film's kinetic camerawork, over-the-top gore, and sheer intensity insured its status as a cult fave.

In 1985, Raimi teamed up with friends Joel and Ethan Coen (who hit the big time a year before with Blood Simple) on the flawed but inspired Crimewave. In this movie, a pair of cartoon-like exterminator/hitmen kill the owner of a burglar-alarm company, and proceed to stalk the partner who hired them, his wife, and a nerd framed for the murder, who tells the story in flashback from the electric chair. Two years later, Raimi would direct the next installment of The Evil Dead on a substantially higher budget than his previous efforts. Evil Dead II: Dead by Dawn retells the entire story of the first film in about ten minutes, and develops the franchise's underlying mythos, thereby paving the way for the third and most whacked out installment, Army of Darkness, in 1993. One crucial difference between Evil Dead II and its predecessor is that the latter is a more overtly comic film. The gore is still there, in spades, but as one critic puts it, "the flying eyeballs and lopped-off appendages serve as the functional equivalents of custard pies and buckets of whitewash rather than anything psychologically retrograde."

Raimi made his major-studio debut with Darkman in 1990, which he co-wrote as well as directed. Although he tried to secure the eponymous lead role for his friend Campbell, the producers opted instead for established star Liam Neeson. The film—a moderate success at best—concerns a scientist who is horribly burned by a fire in his lab lit by criminals. Using the synthetic skin he had invented, he seeks revenge under different identities. After Army of Darkness, Raimi teamed up with the Coen brothers once again, this time on The Hudsucker Proxy (1994), which he co-wrote. In 1993–94, Raimi also co-produced a pair of Jean Claude Van Damme action spectaculars, Hard Target (directed by Hong Kong legend John Woo), and TimeCop. In addition, he found great success as executive producer of the hit schlock television shows Hercules: The Legendary Journeys and Xena: Warrior Princess. Raimi returned as director on the revisionist Western, The Quick and the Dead (1995), starring Sharon Stone, Gene Hackman, Russell Crowe, and a pre-Titanic Leonardo DiCaprio. But his critical breakthrough came three years later, in 1998, with A Simple Plan, in which Bill Paxton and Billy Bob Thornton play brothers who find a bag full of money in the woods, with disastrous consequences. As well as being Raimi's first heavyweight, serious film, it was also his first shot at directing an adaptation of a bestselling novel (written by Scott M. Smith). A Simple Plan wound up garnering two Oscar nominations, for Best Supporting Actor (Thornton), and for Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium. Raimi's next feature, the tepid Kevin Costner baseball vehicle For Love of the Game (1999), led some fans to believe he was selling out. But that view should change with his upcoming film, Spider-Man scheduled to appear in 2001.

—Steven Schneider

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"Raimi, Sam." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Raimi, Sam." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/raimi-sam

"Raimi, Sam." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/raimi-sam