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Ormonde, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of

Thomas Butler Ormonde, 10th earl of, 1532–1614, Irish nobleman. Brought up at the English court, he was the first of his family to embrace Protestantism. He succeeded to the earldom of Ormonde in 1546, and in 1554 he went to Ireland, where he tried to mediate between the Irish and their English rulers. He became involved in a bitter quarrel in Munster with Gerald Fitzgerald, 15th earl of Desmond, the representative of the traditional enemies of the Ormondes, as a result of which Desmond was imprisoned. Ormonde was at the court of Elizabeth I (1565–69) and returned to Ireland only because his presence there was essential to maintain order. When Desmond (who had been released in 1573) rose in rebellion in 1579, Ormonde was made military governor of Munster and led the fight against the Desmond faction until the rebellious earl was captured and slain (1583). In 1588, Ormonde helped to capture the survivors of the Spanish Armada on the coast of Ireland, and in 1597 he was made lieutenant general of Ireland and supported the English troops against Hugh O'Neill, 2d earl of Tyrone. In 1612 he became vice admiral of Ireland.

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"Ormonde, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ormonde, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ormonde-thomas-butler-10th-earl

"Ormonde, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ormonde-thomas-butler-10th-earl

Ormond, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of

Ormond, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of [I] (1531–1614). ‘Black Tom’ Ormond inherited the title from his father at the age of 15 and was brought up as a protestant at the English court. From 1559 he was treasurer of Ireland and in 1588 was given the Garter, for zeal in tracking down the survivors of the Spanish Armada. Much of his life was spent campaigning in Ireland, in the 1560s and the 1580s against the earls of Desmond (Fitzgerald), his family's rivals, and in the 1590s with Essex against Tyrone. He died aged 83 having been blind for many years.

J. A. Cannon

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"Ormond, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ormond, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ormond-thomas-butler-10th-earl

"Ormond, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved July 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ormond-thomas-butler-10th-earl