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Fitzgerald, James, 15th earl of Desmond

Fitzgerald, James, 15th earl of Desmond [I] (c.1570–1601). Fitzgerald was about 13 when his father, the 14th earl, was killed in open rebellion. The boy was put into the Tower of London, where he seems to have been in indifferent health. Left there until 1600, he was brought out during the Tyrone rebellion, created earl, and sent to Ireland in the hope that he could bring his compatriots back to submission. But the Irish repudiated him as a protestant and a puppet, and he returned to England, dying shortly afterwards. His period of semi-freedom in adult life lasted just over a year.

J. A. Cannon

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"Fitzgerald, James, 15th earl of Desmond." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Fitzgerald, James, 15th earl of Desmond." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fitzgerald-james-15th-earl-desmond

"Fitzgerald, James, 15th earl of Desmond." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fitzgerald-james-15th-earl-desmond

Fitzgerald, Gerald, 14th earl of Desmond

Fitzgerald, Gerald, 14th earl of Desmond [I] (c.1533–83). Fitzgerald succeeded his father in the earldom in 1558, in his mid-twenties. In 1565 he was wounded in private warfare with Ormond and sent to the Tower 1567–70. From 1574 he was in conspiracy against Elizabeth and from 1579 in open rebellion under papal encouragement. He was killed in 1583 and his head stuck on London bridge. ‘Dim-witted, barely literate, more a captain than a courtier,’ is a modern assessment.

J. A. Cannon

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"Fitzgerald, Gerald, 14th earl of Desmond." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Fitzgerald, Gerald, 14th earl of Desmond." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fitzgerald-gerald-14th-earl-desmond

"Fitzgerald, Gerald, 14th earl of Desmond." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fitzgerald-gerald-14th-earl-desmond

Desmond, Gerald Fitzgerald, 15th earl of

Gerald Fitzgerald Desmond, 15th earl of (dĕz´mənd), d. 1583, Irish nobleman. He spent his life fighting Thomas Butler, 10th earl of Ormonde, who represented English interests. He was twice imprisoned in London, but returned both times to continue his struggle. In 1579 he was proclaimed a traitor, and after four years of rebellion, he was captured and killed.

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"Desmond, Gerald Fitzgerald, 15th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Desmond, Gerald Fitzgerald, 15th earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/desmond-gerald-fitzgerald-15th-earl