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organum

organum (ôr´gənəm), in music, compositional technique, developed in Europe during the 10th cent., in which each note of Gregorian chant melody was doubled by another note. In the earliest examples, called parallel organum, the doubling interval was constant, usually the lower fourth or fifth. In the 12th cent., composers began to apply a rapidly moving voice against the slow moving chant melody; the resulting compositions had two or more independent melodies and can be considered the beginning of polyphonic music.

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"organum." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"organum." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/organum

"organum." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 14, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/organum

organum

organum. An early form of melodic harmonization which flourished from c.900 to 1200. In plainchant the melody was harmonized by addition of 1, 2, or 3 parts, usually parallel.

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"organum." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"organum." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/organum

"organum." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved December 14, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/organum

organum

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"organum." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"organum." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/organum

"organum." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved December 14, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/organum