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Chichele, Henry

Chichele, Henry (c.1362–1443). Archbishop of Canterbury. The son and brother of prominent London merchants, Chichele was an original fellow of New College, Oxford. As a doctor of civil law, he practised in church courts and diocesan administration. From 1406 he was in royal service as an ambassador, earning the bishopric of St Davids, a place in the council, and in 1414 promotion to Canterbury from Henry V. He never held a political office but was an assiduous member of royal councils for most of his life. He founded a collegiate church at his birthplace, Higham Ferrers (Northants), in 1422, and in 1438 the college of All Souls, Oxford, for 40 fellows praying for the souls of Henry V and other English casualties in the French war, while studying arts and law, but not theology.

R. L. Storey

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