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Arundel, Philip Howard, 13th earl of

Arundel, Philip Howard, 13th earl of (1557–95). Philip Howard's father was the 4th duke of Norfolk, executed in 1572: his mother, daughter of Henry, earl of Arundel, died soon after his birth. The dukedom was under attainder from 1572 but in 1580 Howard succeeded his grandfather as earl of Arundel. He was accused of complicity in the Throckmorton plot. In 1584, much under the influence of his wife, he converted to catholicism, and the following year was arrested while attempting to leave the country. He was attainted and imprisoned in the Tower. In 1588 he was tried for treason as having prayed for the success of the Armada, was condemned to death and died after seven more years in prison. His son Thomas was restored to the titles by James I in 1604 and created earl of Norfolk by Charles I in 1644.

J. A. Cannon

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